TIME-LINE
Merchant and Navy Ship events
1800 - 1899

1800  
1/7 1800 First convoy duty; USS Essex escorts convoy of merchant ships from East Indies to US
7/7 1800

Attack by British fire-ships in Dunkirk roads.

1/10 1800 US Schooner Experiment captures French Schooner Diana.
4/11 1800

HMS MALBOROUGH (74 guns) wrecked off Belleisle.

   
1801  
2/4 1801

The Battle of Copenhagen - The Royal Danish Naval Defence Squadron, commanded by Captain J. Olfert Fischer, fights for more than 4 hours against a superior British naval force, commanded by Vice Admiral Lord Nelson. Lord Nelson ignores the signals from his superior officer, Admiral Parker, to cease fighting, in stead he forced a ceasefire with the Danes, thus making an end to this battle.

1/7 1801 US squadron under Commodore Dale enters Mediterranean to strike Barbary Pirates.
12/7 1801

Victory of Admiral Saumarez off Gibraltar.

21/8 1801

Several small enemy ships destroyed in a British attack on Etaples.

   
1802  
   
1803  
30/4 1803 Napoleon Bonaparte sells Louisiana to the US for $27 million; territories between the Mississippi and the Rocky Mountains first claimed by explorers from New France.
3/7 1803

HMS MINERVA (38 guns) went ashore and was captured near Cherbourg.

9/6 1803 Investigator. British vessel, sloop, 334 ton. Formerly HMS Xenophon. Commandeered by Matthew Flinders. Saw Cape Leeuwin on 13 December 1801.Arrived Sydney 9 May 1802; sailed north on 22 July 1802 with Lady Nelson as tender. During charting of the Gulf of Carpentaria, the Investigator leaked so badly that she was barely navigable and in November 1802, the ships carpenters gave her six months, if sailing conditions were favourable. The ship survived the long trip around Australia, and came down the west coast, then across the Great Australia Bight, finally reaching Sydney on 9 June 1803. He and many of his men were sick with scurvy and dysentery. The Investigator was condemned as unfit for any further journeys.
   
1804  
3/10 1804

Four Spanish treasure ships taken by HMS INDEFATIGABLE.

19/11 1804

HMS ROMNEY (50 guns) wrecked off Dutch coast.

24/11 1804

HMS VENERABLE (74 guns) wrecked off Paignton.

   
1805  
7/1 1805

British Forty-four-gun ship SHEERNEES wrecked at Trincomale, Ceylon.

21/1 1805 Loss of HMS DORIS (36 guns) in Quiberon Bay.
5/3 1805

Cutting out of French privateer by boat from HMS ÉCLAIR at Guadeloupe.

27/4 1805 Naval forces capture Derne, Tripoli; raise first US flag over foreign soil.
22/7 1805

Spanish fleet defeated by British Admiral Calder off Ferrol.

10/8 1805

British HMS PHOENIX captured French LA DIDON after tremendous duel.

21/10 1805 Vice Admiral of the White Viscount Nelson won his great victory over the Franco-Spanish fleet at Trafalgar, flying his flag in HMS Victory. Nelson commanded 27 ships of the line against Vice-Admiral Villeneuve's 33. The British ships ran a gauntlet of fire to break through the Franco-Spanish line, and fight a devastating close-range gunnery action. 16 French and Spanish ships were destroyed, and four captured. Lord Nelson was fatally wounded by a marksman aboard the Redoutable, but survived long enough to know that his fleet was winning.
3/11 1805

Four French First-rates captured by Admiral Strachan off Ferrol.

   
1806  
6/2 1806

Admiral Duckworth’s victory over French fleet at San Domingo.

13/3 1806

Two French warships captured in Atlantic by squadron of Admiral Warren.

27/6 1806

Buenos Aires captured by Admiral Popham.

15/7 1806

Boats of Sir Samuel Hood’s squadron cut out French ship CAESAR (18 guns) in the Garonne.

18/10 1806 HMS Caroline conducted a highly successful operation against Dutch coastal traffic, capturing two ships, and driving ashore four warships and eight merchant vessels.
12/11 1806

Reunion taken by boats from HMS GALATEA.

   
1807  
20/2 1807 A squadron of ships under Vice-Admiral Sir John Duckworth forced a passage of the Dardanelles, and completely destroyed a Turkish fleet of 13 ships.
21/3 1807

Surrender of Alexandria and Turkish squadron to Sir Benjamin Hallowell.

22/6 1807 HMS Leopard attacks USS Chesapeake.
4/10 1807

HMS WINDSOR CASTLE defeats French privateer off Barbados.

25/12 1807

Admiral Cochrane captured St. Croix.

   
1808  
2/3 1808

Capture of Danish Admiral and his ship by HMS SAPPHO (18 guns) off Flamborough Head.

14/3 1808 The brig Lougen II, commanded by Lieutenant Peter F. Wulff, drives the British brig Childers away after several hours of battle, off Hitterø in Norway.
4/4 1808

Destruction of French convoy by British ships.

27/10 1808

Boats from HMS PHAETON cut out small Spanish ship.

10/11 1808 THETIS captured by HMS AMETHYST.
   
1809  
14/1 1809 Capture of Cayenne by HMS CONFIANCE.
18/4 1809

Destruction of French squadron in Aix Roads by Lord Cochrane.

10/6 1809 First US steamboat to a make an ocean voyage leaves New York for Philadelphia
7/7 1809

Six Russian gunboats and twelve ships from a convoy taken by boats from HMS BELLEROPHON and HMS IMPREGNABLE off Finland.

31/10 1809 John Molson 1764-1836 sends steamboat Accommodation on maiden voyage; first steamboat in Canada makes seven day round trip from Montreal to Quebec and back
   
1810  
27/1 1810 City of Edinburgh. Ship, 526 tons. Captain Pattison. Left New Zealand on 7 January 1810 for England via the Cape Horn to deliver timber, calling at Valparaiso for repairs following damage near the Straits of Magellan, then on to Callao. After rounding Cape Horn she foundered ‘somewhere in the Atlantic’. The crew escaped in two boats but only one reached safety. Some confusion exists concerning her port of destination. She had brought no less than 100,000 litres of spirits to Port Jackson, from Cape Town, in 1808.
24/8 1810

HM Frigate NEREIDE (36 guns) captured by French Squadron.

28/8 1810

HM Frigate IPHIGENIA (38 guns) captured by the French off Mauritius.

29/10 1810

Capture of Spanish ROSARIO by HMS PASLEY.

Under 200 seamen capture 1.500 Dutch troops and island of Banda.

3/12 1810

Capture of Mauritius by British squadron.

22/12 1810

HMS MINOTAUR (74 guns) wrecked off Dutch coast.

   
1811  
16/2 1811

HMS AMETHYST (36 guns) wrecked in Plymouth Sound.

12/3 1811 Battle of Lissa (Adriatic), one of the best frigate actions of the Napoleonic Wars. A squadron of four British frigates led by Captain William Hoste defeated a French/Venetian squadron of six frigates and four smaller ships.
25/3 1811

HMS BERWICK destroyed French ship AMAZONE off Barfleur.

27/3 1811 Gunboat Flotilla of 12 gunboats, 12 transport vessels etc., commanded by Lieutenant Jørgen C. de Falsen and a detachment of soldiers attacks the British garrison on the Danish island of Anholt. The frigate TARTAR and the brig SHELDRAKE support the British garrison. The attack is beaten off, and the Danish flotilla looses 2 gunboats and 2 other ships.
20/5 1811

Two French ship captured by HMS PHOEBE and RACEHORSE off Madagascar.

1/8 1811

Three Danish gunboats captured off Nyborg by British boat-attack.

18/8 1811

HMS TARTAR (32 guns) wrecked in the Baltic.

20/9 1811

Boats of HMS VICTORY captured two Danish gunboats.

11/10 1811 The first steam-powered ferryboat, the Juliana, was put into operation between New York City and Hoboken NJ.
18/10 1811 US sloop of war Wasp captures HM brig Frolic.
2/11 1811

HMS IMPERIEUSE and THAMES captured and destroyed 10 Neapolitan gunboats off Cape Pallinure.

24/12 1811 The British ships-of-the-line St George & Defence of the British fleet in Danish waters commanded by Vice Admiral Sir James Saumarez, ran aground off Torsminde at the west coast of Jutland and where lost. Around 1,400 men are lost.
   
1812  
22/2 1812

Capture of RIVOLI (74 guns) by HMS VICTORIOUS and WEAZEL.

22/5 1812

Destruction of 3 French ships by HMS NORTHUMBERLAND.

4/6 1812

Boats from HMS MEDUSA cut out DORADO.

22/6 1812 British schooner Duke of Gloucester and another brig battle the US schooner Julia in War of 1812 naval engagement; Julia limps back to Ogdensburg; British ships to Kingston.
27/6 1812

British fleet captured a convoy off Alassio.

16/7 1812

USS NAUTILUS (14 guns) captured off the Chesapeake of the Bristish fleet.

16/8 1812 USS Constitution recaptures American merchant brig Adeline.
17/8 1812 US Frigate President captures British schooner L'Adeline in North Atlantic.
19/8 1812 The USS Constitution - also known as Old Ironsides - attacks the British frigate Guerriere east of Nova Scotia during the War of 1812.
31/8 1812

Attack by boats of HMS BACCHANTE and capture of three small ships at Casale di Leme.

17/9 1812

Capture of 17 gunboats by the boats of HMS EAGLE.

25/10 1812 USS United States (CAPT Stephen Decatur) captures HMS Macedonian.
27/11 1812

HMS SOUTHAMPTON (32 guns) wrecked in the Bahamas.

29/12 1812 USS Constitution (Captain William Bainbridge) captures HMS Java off Brazil after a three-hour battle.
   
1813  
12/1 1813 US Frigate Chesapeake captures British Volunteer
14/1 1813 US Frigate Chesapeake captures British brig Hero.
17/1 1813 U.S. VIPER (12 guns) captured by HMS NARCISSUS (32 guns).
8/2 1813 Isabella. Vessel of 193 tons. Left Sydney for London on 4 December 1812; wrecked on the Falkland Islands, 8 February 1813. After all had landed safely on Eagle Island a small boat was constructed from one of her damaged boats, and in it several crew members reached the River Plate (Riva de la Plata, east coast, Argentina). The brig Nancy left immediately to rescue those still on the Falklands and on her passage captured an American sealing schooner loaded with about 8,000 skins. (England and America were at war over the action of England towards neutral vessels in the Napoleonic War of 1812-1815).
27/4 1813 US Navy and Army forces capture York (now Toronto), Canada.
1/6 1813 HMS Shannon captures USS Chesapeake, Capt. James Lawrence. As the mortally wounded Captain Lawrence was carried below, he ordered "Tell the men to fire faster! Don't give up the ship!" These words would live on in naval history. Oliver Hazard Perry honoured his dead friend Lawrence when he had the motto sewn onto the private battle flag flown during the Battle of Lake Erie, 10 September 1813.
13/6 1813 Philip Vere Broke, commanding HMS Shannon, with 38 guns, defeats US warship Chesapeake, commanded by James Lawrence, off Boston; tows her to Halifax as a prize.
27/6 1813 USS President anchors in Bergen, Norway.
14/8 1813 HMS Pelican captures USS Argus.
8/11 1813

Boats from HMS REVENGE cut out French privateer from Palamos.

   
1814  
14/1 1814 Peace are made in Kiel between Denmark and England/Sweden. Norway are forced into a union with Sweden, ending 400 years of a joined Danish-Norwegian Navy.
19/2 1814 USS Constitution captures British brig Catherine.
15/4 1814 Kingston Navy Dockyard launches two warships, the Prince Regent and the Princess Charlotte; under Commodore Sir James Yeo, they will blockade the American fleet in Sackett's Harbour and capture Oswego, restoring Canadian control of Lake Ontario in the War of 1812 and ending the threat of US invasion.
29/4 1814 USS Peacock captures HMS Epervier.
28/6 1814 USS Wasp captures HMS Reindeer.
14/8 1814 Lt. Miller Worsley scuttles and burns schooner Nancy to prevent capture by US ships Niagara, Tigress and Scorpion on Georgian Bay; will later capture Tigress off Manitoulin Island.
28/10 1814 Launching of Fulton I, first American steam powered warship, at New York City. Robert Fulton designed the ship. (See also 20/6 1815)
   
1815  
15/1 1815 British HMS ENDYMION (40 guns) captured U.S. PRESIDENT near Sandy Hooks.
16/2 1815 USS Constitution captures British Susannah.
20/2 1815 USS Constitution, under Captain Charles Stewart, captures HMS Cyane and sloop-of-war Levant.
22/3 1815 USS Hornet captures HMS Penguin in battle lasting 22 minutes.
20/6 1815 Trials of Fulton I, built by Robert Fulton, are completed in New York. This ship would become the Navy's first steam-driven warship.
7/8 1815 Frances and Eliza. Convict ship. From Cork, Ireland, arrived Sydney 7 August 1815 with 54 male and 70 female passengers on board. Intercepted by the American privateer Warrior in the Atlantic, where items in the captains possession were stolen.
   
1816  
25/3 1816 Emu. Royal Navy, 10 gun brig. Captain Foster. Left Sydney for England via the Cape of Good Hope on 25 March 1816 but ran into a hurricane approaching the South African coast, lost a topmast and ran on to a rock in Simon’s Bay. Refloated but apparently condemned and used as a wood vessel until ashore in a gale and broken up.
21/5 1816 Steamboat General Smythe begins operating on the Saint John River.
3/7 1816 French frigate Medusa runs aground off Cap Blanc. Gross incompetence kills 150 in calm seas.
27/8 1816

Algiers bombarded by Lord Exmouth.

   
1817  
21/1 1817

Loss of HMS JASPER (10 guns) and HMS TELEGRAPH (12 guns) in Plymout Sound.

8/4 1817 Norwegian ship BEATHA, stranded and wrecked at Vaderoarna, Sweden.

Norwegian brig VENUS, stranded at Vaderoarna, Sweden. She was on a voyage from Bergen to Riga with a cargo of herring. Later refloated.

5/6 1817 Launching of steamship Frontenac at Kingston; first steamer on the Great Lakes makes its inaugural trip west to the town of York.
   
1818  
31/5 1818 Lady Castereagh. Convict transport, wooden, copper sheathed ship, 848 tons Captain Welton After unloading convicts at Hobart the transport called at Sydney and loaded troops for India intending to then return to England. She left on 31 May 1818 only to be lost sometime later on the coast of Madras, India.
   
1819  
20/6 1819 Savannah becomes 1st steamship to cross any ocean (Atlantic).
   
1820  
21/4 1820 Echo. Whaler, 112 tons was lost on Wreck Reef in Torres Strait on 21 April 1820, while sailing out from England to New Zealand. The crew worked for a month strengthening two boats before setting out for the Australian mainland which they reached safely.
20/11 1820 Essex. Nantucket whaler, 238 tons. Captain Pollard. Sweet revenge!!! Wrecked by a huge whale in Pacific Ocean, 20 November 1820. Most of the men were in three vessels chasing whales. After three months the few survivors were rescued. The convict ship Surry searched and found more survivors on remote Henderson Island.
   
1821  
   
1822  
6/2 1822 Tek Sing (China) A junk that struck a reef near Indonesia and sunk, leaving an estimated 1,600 dead
30/3 1822 Florida became a U.S. territory.
7/4 1822 Madeline. Barque, 256 tons. From England to Australia, lost near the Cape Verde Islands.
1/6 1822 Grace. Ship, 245 tons. Built Ipswich, Suffolk, UK. Armed with four guns and carried a crew of seventeen. Owned by Buckles and Co. Of London; reg. London. Master Robert Lethbridge. With a cargo of wool and oil, destroyed by fire in Struys Bay near the Cape of Good Hope while bound from Sydney to London, 1 June 1822. No loss of life. Part of the oil had been stored in the hold above the wool, and was ignited by spontaneous combustion when off Cape Agulhas.
21/7 1822 Royal George. Ship, 486. From Sydney to England with a cargo of wool, was destroyed by a gale at Table Bay, South Africa
24/8 1822

Victorine. Schooner, 70 tons. Built at Mauritius; reg. Hobart. Master William Risk. Left Sydney for Mauritius on 24 August 1822, but never arrived, presumed foundered with seven or eight people.

30/9 1822 HMS Eliza on anti-slavery patrol, captured the slave ship Firme Union off Cuba.
   
1823  
10/10 1823 Ketch S:T JOHANNI, stranded and wrecked at Vaderöarna, Sweden, when on a voyage  Liverpool to Barth with salt and rum.
18/12 1823

HMS ARAB (18 guns) wrecked off Irish coast.

   
1824  
20/10 1824 US Schooner Porpoise captures four pirate ships off Cuba.
   
1825  
19/2 1825 Lady Nelson. Disappeared after leaving Fort Dundas for Coepang in Timor, 19 February 1825. In July 1825 the Dutch Navy reported that a vessel answering her description had been destroyed. Rumours that she had been  destroyed by natives were later confirmed.It appears she had been seized and burnt by Malay pirates at Aluta Island late in February. Another version claimed she called at the island of Baba where the crew made fun of one of the native girls, and were subsequently murdered by the natives, then the brig was run ashore and burned. A gun, still in possession of the islanders was supposed to have come from her.
30/8 1825 Nassau. (Brig, wood, 208 tons. Built Gosport, UK, 1819). Left Sydney for London in June 1825; wrecked on Tristan da Cunha after developing a severe leak and being run ashore to save life, 30 August 1825. The crew eventually reached the small settlement on the north western side of the island on the 3 December . All but two who elected to remain were taken on to Hobart by the barque Fairlie.
26/10 1825 The Erie Canal opened in upstate New York, connecting Lake Erie and the Hudson River.
   
1826  
   
1827  
23/4 1827 Digging starts on the Shubenacadie Canal, to connect Halifax with the Bay of Fundy
20/10 1827

British victory at Navarino.

   
1828  
13/1 1828 Jessie Lawson. Ship, 320 tons. Built at Quebec, 1824, and owned by John Marshall & Co., a London company specialising in emigrants to the colonies. Captain J. Church. She was to have embarked fifty-two emigrants from Plymouth, England for Hobart on 14 January 1828, but was wrecked the day before in a gale when her cables parted. She was driven on to the Indian Trader, and then went on to the rocks in Mount Batten Bay. The John and Robert was also wrecked nearby. Sixteen other vessels were either wrecked or badly damaged in the storm.
19/8 1828 Letitia. Ship, about 700 tons. Captain Clements. Reported lost on rocks off St. Jago in the Cape Verde Islands on 19 August 1828 while bound from Dublin to Hobart Town. No loss of life. The passengers eventually arrived in Australia on other vessels. According to a passenger, hte ship was lost due to the ‘misconduct of her captain and crew’.
   
1829  
1/2 HMS Black Joke captured a Spanish slave-ship off West Africa.
31/3 1829 Columbine. Brig, 280 tons. From London to Sydney with supplies of religious books and pamphlets belonging to the London Wesleyan Missionary Society, for the use of missionaries in the Australian Colonies, New Zealand and Tonga, was lost on the west coast of South Africa between St. Helena and Saldara Bay (fifty miles north of Cape Town)
4/9 1829 Marquis of Anglesea. Ship, 352 tons. Arrived at Swan River, Western Australia, carrying 104 passengers and a general cargo, on 23 August 1829. On 4 September during a gale she dragged her anchors, went ashore. Sold as a wreck she was let out as a store, office, and prison ship until broken up about three years later.
   
1830  
13/10 1830

Volusia. Brig, 145 tons. From Sydney to Scotland, was lost on the South American coast, 13 October 1830.

   
1831  
16/3 1831 Betsy & Sophia. This whaler left England on a sealing voyage under the command of Captain Fotheringham on 3 June 1830. Her master died, then she was almost lost while anchored off Prince Edward Island. She was wrecked while leaving Desolation Island in the Kerguelen Group, southern Indian Ocean, 16 March 1831. In six months the survivors, under first mate Peter Paterson, had built a sloop of about 20 tons, named Liberty, from the wreckage. Fourteen put to sea on 6 December 1831 and made Macquarie Harbour, Tasmania on 3 February 1832, then Hobart on 14 December. Five men remained on Desolation Island as they feared the seaworthiness of the Liberty, and were picked up by the vessel Ocean on 5 March 1832.
27/4 1831 Steamship Royal William launched at Quebec City; first Canadian vessel to cross the Atlantic entirely under steam power.
18/5 1831 Celia. Brig, 211 tons. From Sydney to London, was lost off Ushant, France.
20/6 1831 America. Convict transport, 391 tons . Wrecked near Timor when bound from Sydney to England, via Batavia. Survivors from her were landed at Sydney by the Government brig Governor Phillips on 15 October. Another version says she struck a reef near Bunker Island off the Queensland coast and the crew all reached Moreton Bay on 27 July 1831.
19/8 1831 Sailing ship Lady Sherbrooke wrecked off Cape Bay; 273 persons drown.
   
1832  
30/5 1832 Rideau Canal officially opened to traffic, with 47 locks linking the Ottawa River at Ottawa with Lake Ontario at Kingston; first proposed as a military route between the two cities; 50 dams built to control water levels along the route.
21/6 1832 Science. Ship, 235 ton. After sailing from Hobart for London on 9 May 1832, was almost overwhelmed by a huge sea on 21 June when about 650 kilometres west of Cape Horn. Four men, boats and other gear were swept away, while the main and mizzen masts were brought down. Five days later the whaler Warrens took off the fifteen survivors and she was abandoned.
13/7 1832 Meredith. Barque, 228 tons. Captain Fullerton. From Liverpool to New Zealand via the Sandwich Islands was lost in the Hokianga River on 13 July, 1832. She had attempted to cross the bar at the Hokianga Harbour entrance (North Island, New Zealand). The boatswain was drowned, then Maoris robbed the survivors of most of their possessions.
   
1833  
3/1 1833 Britain seized control of the Falkland Islands in the South Atlantic.
5/2 1833 Hibernia. Wooden ship, 456 tons.  Captain W Brend. Bound from Liverpool toHobart with 232 passengers and crew, on fire on 5 February 1833 soon after crossing the equator. Only seventy- nine could be accommodated in the three boats, leaving the remainder to be burnt to death or drowned. One hundred and fifty-three perished in the ship and eighteen on the boats. The survivors, picked up by the ship Lotus were taken on to Rio de Janeiro and eventually reached Hobart in the brig Adelaide.
25/4 1833 Anne. Type unknown. Captain Cadegan. From Sydney to Ireland, was lost in the Severn (east England, an ‘extension’ of the Bristol Channel). No loss of life.
11/5 1833 Passenger ship Lady of the Lake sinks after striking an iceberg between Quebec and England; 215 people drown.
24/6 1833 USS Constitution enters drydock at Charlestown Navy Yard, Boston, MA, for overhaul. The ship was saved from scrapping after public support rallied to save the ship following publication of Oliver Wendell Holmes' poem, "Old Ironsides"
25/8 1833 Amphrite. Convict transport, 208 tons. Captain John Hunter. Left London for Sydney on 25 August 1833 with one hundred and six convict women, ten of their children, the wife of the ship’s surgeon, and a crew of nineteen. Soon after sailing a storm forced her off course, and then in a calm she drifted ashore in Boulogne Harbour on the French coast. It was low tide and a pilot boat offered to take off the entire ship's complement but her master refused, believing the women would be difficult to control once ashore, and in any case the ship was expected to float free on the high tide. A French sailor who knew the treachery of the tides along the coast and realised the ship was in grave danger swam out to her and offered to take a line ashore. His offer was also declined by both master and surgeon; then as the tide flooded in the Amphrite pounded heavily and within a few hours broke in two, going to pieces in a few minutes. Only three seamen who floated ashore on a piece of wreckage were saved.
26/8 1833

Captain James Ross and his shipwrecked crew of 19 are rescued off Baffin Island by his flagship, the whaler Isabella; Ross and crew survived four winters with the help of the Inuit before abandoning Victory to the ice, and setting off, in shipwrecked boats they had found and repaired, through a lane of water that opened up leading northward

11/9 1833 Quebec-built steamship Royal William reaches England safely; the wooden paddle wheeler is the first ship to cross Atlantic entirely under steam power; engineers had to stop every few days to clean salt from the boilers.
12/10 1833 Lady Munro. Wooden ship of 254 tons, wrecked when bound from Calcutta, Madras, and Mauritius to Van Diemen's Land, on Amsterdam Island, 12 October 1833. Only 22 survived from her complement of ninety-seven.
23/11 1833 Finnish schooner SOPHIA wrecked north of Vaderoarna, Sweden, when on a voyage from Nya Carleby to Lissabon with a cargo of timber.
?/11 1833 British brig OCEAN from Clay, capsized off  Vaderoarna, Sweden She was salvaged and taken in to Florö.
   
1834  
4/7 1834 Mars. Brig, 269 tons. Built at Bristol, 1819. From Hobart to London via Batavia and Antarctic sealing grounds, was wrecked in the Falkland Islands, 4 July 1834. After forty-five days in the boats the crew were rescued and taken on to England.
10/12 1834 Sir Thomas Munro. Vessel of 331 tons. Bound from London to Sydney via Hobart, wrecked on Boa Vista Island in the Cape of Verde Islands on 10 December 1834. Some references date this wreck 1831. Her complement totalling fifty-six landed safely by boat.
17/12 1834 HMS Buzzard, on anti-slavery patrol, captured the slave-ship Formidable off the West African coast.
   
1835  
2/5 1835

Hudson's Bay Company launches The Beaver, the first steamship on the British Columbia coast

   
1836  
?/3 1836 Edinburgh. Wooden barque, 310 tons. Built Durham, UK; reg. London on 2 August 1833, # 234. Master Alexander Lyall. Left Sydney for Liverpool in March 1836 with a cargo of wool, oil and cedar, but was destroyed by fire when south east of New Zealand. Her crew and passengers landed safely at Wollongong, south of Sydney, after fifteen days in the boats.
5/8 1836 Clyde. Wooden ship, 431 tons. Owned by W.Smith & Sons. Reg. Either London or Liverpool, 31/1826. Master Nataniel Ireland. While on a voyage from Sydney to Liverpool via Batavia, with passengers and cargo, foundered when about five hundred kilometres from Mauritius, 5 August 1836. There was no loss of life.
24/11 1836 Fanny. Schooner. From Leith to Sydney,  was lost off the English coast
   
1837  
25/9 1837 Medora. Wooden ship , 382 tons. Master James Tweedie. Left Sydney to London on 21 June 1837 with thirteen passengers and a cargo of timber; lost on the Brazilian coast thirty miles north of Bahia, 25 September 1837. No loss of life. A small schooner rescued all passengers and crew.
3/11 1837 Dutch ship ANNA, stranded and wrecked at Vaderoarna, Sweden when on a voyage from Amsterdam to Königsberg with vine and general cargo. The crew was saved.

Danish schooner HAABET from Svendborg, stranded and wrecked at  Mittskar, Vaderoarna, Sweden when on a voyage from Bristol to Svendborg with a cargo of salt. Captain and three men of the crew parish. Three men saved.

29/12 1837

Royal Navy Commander Andrew Drew 1792-1878 and a group of Canadian militiamen cross the Niagara River to Fort Schlosser, and capture the American supply steamer Caroline used by William Lyon Mackenzie and his rebels on Navy Island. They set the ship ablaze, cut her adrift and send her toward Niagara Falls. This incident almost causes war between Britain and US. Legend says she went over the Falls.

   
1838  
8/4 1838 Brunel's 236ft steamship Great Western left Bristol for New York on her maiden voyage
22/4 1838 The British packet steamer Sirius became the first steamship to cross the Atlantic to New York from England. The journey took 18 days and 10 hours.
24/11 1838 Dunlop. Wooden ship, 389 tons. Built Montreal 1806; reg. London. Captain Bance. From Liverpool to Hobart with eighty-one emigrants, was lost in Table Bay, Cape of Good Hope, South Africa, 24 November 1838. No loss of life. (Some references date this wreck 1836). She had arrived in fine weatherm and in entering the bay, headed past all the ships at anchor and went ashore, going to pieces within hours.
   
1839  
19/1 1839 Juliana. Wooden barque, 549 tons. Built at Calcutta, 1819.  From London to Sydney with 241 emigrants, wrecked at Mouille Point, Table Bay, South Africa, 19 January 1839. All the passengers and crew landed safely and were eventually taken on to Sydney by the Morayshire and Mary Hay.

Aden captured with assistance of HMS VOLAGE.

21/2 1839 Trafalgar. Emigrant ship. From Liverpool to Sydney, ashore, wrecked, at Three Anchor Bay, in Table Bay, Cape of Good Hope, 21 February 1839. Her anchors failed to hold in near calm conditions and the crew attempted to wear ship; the masts were cut away but she was soon a total wreck. One lady passenger was killed by a falling spar, but most of the others continued on to Australia as soon as possible, leaving a few waiting for a passage back to England.
24/4 1839 Red Rover. Emigrant ship, 373 tons. Built Yarmouth, 1834. Master J. Smith. From London and Plymouth to Australia, ran agroundd, wrecked, at Port Praya, Island of St. Jago, in the Cape Verde Islands, 24 April 1839. The barque Ferguson, also London to Sydney, was moored close by and assisted in taking off the passengers and crew. The Ferguson could take only nine survivors from St. Jago; most of the survivors reached Sydney on board other ships by the end of August.
   
1840  
7/4 1840 Glen Huntly. Barque, convict transport, 430 tons. Captain Buchanan. Sailed from Greenock with 157 emigramts, arriving Hobsons Bay 7 April 1840. Ten deaths from ‘fever’ on passage, with more to die ashore.
10/5 1840 Inca. Barque. From Liverpool to Sydney, went ashore on the Irish coast, 10 May 1840 and abandoned.
1/6 1840

Samuel Cunard 1787-1865 navigates his 700 ton wooden paddlewheel steamer Unicorn to Halifax; after two week trip from Liverpool with 27 passengers.

?/7 1840 Lord William Bentinck. Ship, 544 tons. Built at Bristol, 1828. From Sydney to London via Indian ports, was wrecked at Bombay in July 1840. Heavy loss of life.
4/9 1840 Prince Rupert. Wooden barque, 332 tons. Built 1827.  Wrecked at Green Point, at the western entrance to Table Bay, Cape Town, South Africa, 4 September 1840.
9/9 1840

Beyrout bombarded by the Bristish fleet.

19/9 1840 Catherine Jamieson. Wooden three masted barque, 307 tons.  From Fremantle to England via Batavia, lost at Cape Town. She was entering Table Bay when she struck Mouille Point.

James Patterson. (James Pattison). Ship, 513 tons. Built at London, 1828. Captain Cromarty. Bound from Sydney to London via Bombay, destroyed by fire in latitude 4O3'N, longitude 26OW,  19 September 1840. All were saved by the Norval.

27/9 1840

Burning of Plymouth Dockyard.

24/11 1840 Norwegian ship TRENNE BRØDER stranded and sank off Vaderoarna, Sweden. Crew saved.
27/12 1840 Australia. Brig, 250 tons. Built at Dundee, 1839. Captain Yule.  From Leith to South Australia on her maiden voyage, caught fire when about 800 km west of the Cape of Good Hope. The fifteen passengers and thirteen crew took to the boats only a short time before she was totally engulfed by the flames. A boy died while the boats were at sea and a man died after they landed at Olifants River following nine days at sea. Local farmers helped the survivors to reach Cape Town and some eventually arrived in Melbourne in the ship Byhar.
   
1841  
1/3 1841 Dryade. Wooden ship, 266 tons. Built Bristol, UK, 1825; reg. London 386/1828. Master Robert Heard. From Sydney to London, foundered 200 miles from Madagascar in 1841, probably 1 or 2 March 1841. She had made many trips between England and Australia in the twelve years of her life. On her last voyage she sprang a leak which the crew were unable to contain. The passengers and crew took to the boats in heavy seas but managed to reach Fort Dauphin, on the south-east coast of Madagascar.
18/4 1841 Charlotte. Barque, 434/373 tons. Built Alloa, Scotland, 1839. Captain Forrester. Bound from London for Sydney with passengers, general cargo and thirty bulls, was lost on Madeline Rees, off Boa Vista Island in the Cape Verde Group, Atlantic. The passengers and crew took to the boats, and appear to have been saved.
20/7 1841 India. Barque, 493 tons. Left Greenock for Melbourne on 4 June 1841 with two hundred and sixteen emigrants and crew. On 20 July 1841 when in latitude 16OS, longitude 33OW the third mate and a boy were drawing spirits from a cask when some was spilt on a naked light. Within a short time the vessel was ablaze from stem to stern. The French whaler Roland saw her plight and rushed to the rescue but in the panic a boat from the India was overturned and several passengers drowned. Eventually all survivors were transferred to the whaler but nineteen had lost their lives. The Roland put into Rio de Janeiro; all were later sent on to Port Phillip, where many arrived destitute.
24/9 1841 Eleanor. Vessel of 244 tons. Captain Bracegirdle.  From Belfast to Sydney, was lost on 24 September 1841.
30/9 1841

Admiral Bremer captures Chusan (China).

9/10 1841 Urania. Wooden ship, 467 tons. Built Chepstow, UK, 1834. From Liverpool to Sydney with two hundred and eight emigrants, was wrecked at the entrance to the River Dee south of  Liverpool on 9 October 1841. Lifeboats rescued all passengers and crew before she broke up.
   
1842  
27/2 1842 Fifeshire. Barque, 557 tons. Built 1841. After landing emigrants at Nelson, New Zealand, was leaving for Chinese ports on her way back to England on 27 February 1842 when the wind failed and she drifted broadside on to Arrow Reef and broke her back.
18/4 1842 Noormuhul. Barque, 197 tons. Built London, 1823. Captain Stephenson. Sailed from Launceston to London on 18 April 1842, and disappeared. She may well have joined the long list of mysterious disappearances, had it not been for the fact that a coloured man had been recognised at Port Arthur as having been on the lost ship. He admitted that the crew had mutinied and taken her to South America.
18/5 1842 William Nicol. Ship, 409 tons. Built 1834. While returning from Australia to England, was dismasted in the Indian Ocean, 18 May 1842. She struggled in to Port Louis for repairs but went on to a reef and was condemned after survey.
18/10 1842 Burhampooter. Wooden vessel of 550 tons. Built  1841. Captain Crowley.  With bounty emigrants for Melbourne was swept ashore by a gale at Margate, England. The crew, seventy adult passengers and twenty children were saved but lost all their belongings. Later a subscription was opened on their behalf to which the Emigration Commissioners contributed eleven guineas. Most of the passengers set out later for Port Phillip on the Royal Consort.
26/10 1842 Norwegian ship DIEDRIC, Skien, grounded NW off  Vaderoarna, Sweden and lost her mast's. Captain was Ernst Falkman. She was later refloated.
26/11 1842 Chatham. Vessel of 352 tons. Built 1840. Captain Sergeant. From London to Sydney with emigrants, sunk off Portugal. Five lives lost. After a collision in the English Channel she commenced to leak in the Bay of Biscay and was attempting to reach Lisbon, Portugal when lost.
   
1843  
10/1 1843 Elizabeth. Barque. Captain Cope. From Sydney, was lost at Nova Scotia, 10 January 1843.
25/8 1843 Steam frigate Missouri arrives at Gibraltar completing first Trans-Atlantic crossing by US steam powered ship.
   
1844  
24/4 1844 Woodall. Vessel type not recorded. From London to Sydney via Calcutta, was being towed down the Thames when she was found to be on fire, so was scuttled off Tilbury without loss of life. It has not been discovered whether she was salvaged.
   
1845  
27/3 1845 Thomas Lowry. (Ship, 409 tons. Built Dartmouth, UK, 1835; reg. Liverpool. Captain J. Graham). Sailed from Sydney for England on 13 November 1844, struck sunken rocks off Dartmouth when in charge of the pilot, run ashore in a damaged condition, 27 March 1845. The following day the pilot hang himself. The ship was raised, patched-up and towed to London.
19/5 1845 John Franklin 1786-1847 departs for the Arctic on the Royal Navy ships Erebus and Terror to find the NW Passage; his vessels have steam engines and ice-breaking bows, and carry enough food for three years. The entire expedition will be lost.
   
1846  
23/4 1846 Mayda. (Barque, 582 tons. Built at Sunderland, 1845). Left Launceston for London on 23 April 1846 with eight passengers and crew but was never seen again. She was removed from Lloyd’s Regisster in 1847 as ‘missing’.
   
1847  
10/1 1847 American naval forces occupy Los Angeles.
20/2 1847 Brechin Castle. (Barque, 371 tons. Built at Dundee, 1844. Master T.R.Baxter). Left Adelaide for Swansea and London late in October 1846 with passengers and a cargo of copper ore, but was wrecked on the Welsh coast near Mumbles Head. All passengers and crew lost, estimated to number between twenty and twenty-six.
   
1848  
7/1 1848 Cambridge. (Vessel type not recorded). Shortly after leaving Plymouth for Sydney, was destroyed by fire.
12/1 1848

Attack on Sloop Lexington, San Blas, Mexico.

16/2 1848 Waratah. Barque. Captain Volum.  Master A.D.Volum. Bound from England for Sydney, lost off Ushant, France, in a gale, 16 February 1848. Thirteen lives lost.  The Norwegian barque Preciosa rescued some survivors but after forty-eight hours in the gale, had to leave, having suffered some damage.
26/3 1848 The Danish corvette NAJADEN and paddle steamer GEJSER, commanded by Lieutenant Commander Friderich Dirkinck-Holmfeld occupy Als.
26/4 1848 Motala verkstads varv at Norrkoping, Sweden launch steamer GOTHEBORG.
?/5 1848 Motala verkstads varv at Norrkoping, Sweden deliver steamer GOTHEBORG.
30/12 1848 Hindoo. (Barque, 310 tons. Captain Burgoyne). From Adelaide to London via Fremantle, was destroyed by fire when in the South Atlantic, 30 December 1848. The twenty passengers and crew took to the boats and were picked up by a passing vessel four days later.
   
1849  
24/1 1849 The NAPLES, from Boston for Dublin was totally wrecked near Fishguard, crew saved.
27/1 1849 The UNICORN, (Steam ship, (500 tons), running between Hull and Antwerp came into collision off the coast of Holland with the ROB ROY. Steamer. Those on board the UNICORN were saved but she sank within an hour.
29/1 1849 The TRIO of Wexford, from Cronstadt, struck on the rocks when entering the South bay, and went down, crew saved
3/2 1849 The WILLIAM and MARY, from Youghall for Liverpool, which got upon the beach on the 11 January, was refloated and got into port in Liverpool.
12/2 1849 The ATLANTIC (1,000 tons) sailed from Liverpool with immigrants to New Orleans, she encountered boisterous weather and sprang a leak. The steam tug CONQUEROR fell in with her off Pladda lighthouse and took her in tow for Adrossan harbour. In crossing the bar she ran aground, 300 people mainly Irish were taken off by the tug and taken to Glasgow.
10/6 1849 Richard Dart. (Brig). From London to New Zealand ports was lost on Prince Edward Island, in the Southern Indian Ocean, on the 10 or 19 June 1849. There were only eleven survivors our of a complement of sixty-three. The island was uninhibited; survivors lived on candles, young albatrosses and sea elephants until 1 August when discovered by twelve men who were killing sea elephants for their oil. A schooner took them back to Cape Town on 2 September, after they had been marooned for seventy-two days.
26/6 1849 British Navigation Acts abolish restrictions on colonial shipping, which favored Canadian interests; financial panic follows; ships of all nations can now use the St. Lawrence River.
4/11 1849 Oak. (Brig, 342 tons). Landed emigrants from Liverpool at Port Adelaide in January and when returning to Swansea, Wales, was abandoned at sea in latitude 6ON, longitude 24OW.
19/12 1849 Royal Archer. (Barque, 214 tons. Built 1841). On a voyage from London to Port Adelaide sank following a collision south of the equator in the Atlantic
   
1850  
12/1 1850 The wreck of Ayrshire on Squan Beach NJ 201 of 202 persons on board were saved by the life car. First use of the life car in the US.
14/1 1850 French schooner L’ UNION, Dieppe. Captain: J F Durocher. Stranded and wrecked after having fire onboard at  Skaudd, ¼ mile S off Torekov, Sweden when on a voyage Riga - Dunquerke. She had a cargo of  flax-seed and  465 barrels flax.
10/2 1850 Swedish brig CERES, Vastervik. 93.1 ton, Owner: G Ljungberg. Captain: P E Boman. Stranded and wrecked  SW Hallands Vaderos. She hade first been aground at the Danish island Anholt earlier at the same day. She was on a voyage from Ceute to Copenhagen with a cargo of vine, brandy and salt. The crew of seven was rescued.
13/2 1850 Childe Harold. Barque, 463 tons. Master J.S. Byers. Homeward bound from Australia to England via Bombay, wrecked on the south east point of Dassen Island near Table Bay, South Africa. The only casualty was the master who drowned while attempting to swim ashore with a line.
22/2 1850 German schooner LOUIS, Stettin. Master: H H Deege. Stranded in severe storm o Svinbadan, Viken, Sweden when on voyage Newcastle - Stettin with a cargo of coal. Crew was saved.
5/3 1850 British schooner DWINA, Hull. Stranded on Stubbholmen, Saro, Kungsbacka, Sweden after earlier the same day have been aground on the Danish island  Laso Trindel when on a voyage from Hull to Rostock general cargo and vine. The crew was rescued. Build 1841 at Hull of oak/pine, 116 nrt, 121 grt, 160 dwt. Owner: Wilson & Co. Master: John Amery.
11/3 1850 Swedish yacht MARIA, Master: J Olsson. Stranded in severe storm at Ronnehamn, Skelderviken, Sweden on a voyage Malmoe - Goteborg with a cargo of grain.
19/3 1850 British schooner NEAMUE FRANCAS, Stranded in severe storm off Varberg, Sweden. (The name can be misspelled, can't find her in Lloyds)
2/4 1850 German brig IDA, Stralsund. Master: J. Fechs. Grounded and sank at Nidingens West side on a voyage Stettin - Liverpool with a cago of  wheat. The crew rescued.
22/4 1850 American customs inspector seizes the British ship Albion, whose crew is cutting timber at Discovery Bay.
1/6 1850 Scindian. Convict transport. Brought the first convicts to Fremantle, Western Australia
9/6 1850 Asiatic. Barque, 506 tons. Master A.S. Waddell. Loaded with wool, wheat and copper ore, from Adelaide to London, ran into a severe storm when approaching the South African coast and eventually struggled into Algoa Bay battling to remain afloat. In a stiff south easterly she parted her cables and went ashore with the loss of three lives.
28/6 1850 Coal discovered on Vancouver Island. Will prove valuable for refueling Royal Navy ships and CPR trains.
4/7 1850 Minerva. Wooden ship, 987 tons. Built at Bombay, 1812. Captain J. Moir. Bound for Australia with emigrants, parted her anchors while lying alongside the bar at Port Natal, South Africa, and drifted on to rocks at The Bluff, becoming a total wreck, 4 July 1850. There was no loss of life, but most passengers had their luggage destroyed.
Bateson indicates that there is some, minor, doubt that the ship was bound for Port Natal, and thus had not intended to proceed on to Australia.
18/7 1850 Finnish brig ARCON, Master: Anders Gustaf  Uddman. Stranded and wrecked off Hallo, Smogen, Sweden when on a voyage Viborg - Grimsby with a cargo of  deals.
26/8 1850 German koff GEZINA,  Iveringshver. Master: G H Lucht. Stranded in Severe storm at Stora Oleskar (Osterskar), Roro, Marstrand, Sweden on a voyage Leith - Danzig with a cargo of herring. Only the Master was rescued.
27/8 1850 Lithuanian schooner MARIA JOHANNA,  Memel. Stranded in severe westerly storm at Bjorkang, 1 mile S off Varberg, Sweden on a voyage Sunderland - Memel with a cargo of coal . The crew was saved. Build 1840 at Stettin of oak, rebuild and lengthened 1842. 76 grt. Master: Robert Weiss.

British brig JESSY, Sunderland. Capsized and sank in severe storm off Varberg, Sweden with a cargo of  tallow. The crew was rescued. Build 1848 at Sunderland. 227 grt. Owner: R Surtees. Master: J Howe.

Dutch koff JANTIENE CATHARIENA, Delfzijl. Master: N J Smaal. Stranded and wrecked in severe storm at Getterons west side, Varberg, Sweden on a voyage Hartlepool - Malmoe. She had a cargo of coal. The crew of 6 men was rescued.

Norwegian brig FADERNESLANDET, Master: Lunde. Stranded near Viken, Sweden in severe storm when on a voyage London - Sundsvall in barlast.

Swedish brig ACHILLES, Goteborg. 223 ton. Master: S N Nilsson. Stranded in severe storm E off Port of Halmstad on a voyage New York - Stockholm with a cargo of  tobaco, grain of rice and general cargo. The crew was saved.
28/8 1850

Dutch schooner HINDERIKA JOHANNA, Master: H G Eefting. Stranded at Pater Nosterskaren, Marstrand, Sweden in severe storm after she have been in collision with a unknown ship at Kattegat. The crew of 8 was rescued.

29/8 1850 German schooner JUNO, Barth. Master: Grünewalde. Stranded in a storm near Bastad, Sweden when on a voyage Sunderland - Danzig with a cargo of coal.
10/9 1850 Promise. Wooden barque, 183 tons. Built 1847. Bound from Liverpool to Sydney,  becamed and drifted ashore, wrecked, on Coal Rock off Holyhead, Wales, 10 September 1850. No loss of life.
7/10 1850 British brig STANDARD, Montrose. Stranded in high sea at Simpnasrevet?, of G:a Kopstad, south of Varberg, Sweden when on a voyage Dundee - Riga and S:t Petersburg in barlast. The crew was saved and the ship sunk att 11 meters.  Build 1846 at Montrose. 212 grt. Owner: Birnie & Co. Master: William Fraud.
8/10 1850 German slup HIERONIMUS, Master: Bacher. Stranded and wrecked at "Stuten", ¼ mile N of Falkenberg, Sweden when on a voyage Stralsund - Emden with a cargo of corn. The crew was saved.
14/10 1850 Dutch koff JANTINE, Vildervank. Master: Henrik Lammerts de Groot. Stranded in hard N wind at Svinbadan, Viken, Sweden when on a voyage Rotterdam - Köningsberg with a cargo of 1.000 sack's Java coffebeans.
1/11 1850 British brig ORIENT, Aberdeen. Grounded and sank in dense fog at  Sodra Astol, Marstrand, Sweden after first have grounded near Sodra Krakan when on a voyage from London in barlast. Build 1848 at Aberdeen. 134 grt. Owner: Walker & Co. Master: J Smith.

Finnish schooner WIBORG PAQUET, Viborg. Owner: Konsul P Wahl. Master: F J Vidgren. Stranded in severe storm at "Hallarne", N off Helsingborg on a voyage London - Helsingfors/Viborg with a cargo of  textiles and a  paper making machine. Both cargo and crew saved.

5/11 1850 German barque GOETHE, Danzig. Stranded wrecked at Ragstutarna, Sodra Vaderoarna in severe storm on a voyage from London to Danzig with a cargo of iron and mahogany beams. The crew of 15 only 4 survived, the Master, his daughter and 9 others of the crew was killed. Build 1847 at Elbing  of oak. 410 nrt, 435 grt. Owner: Haussman & Co. Master: E Hammer.

German koff EQUATOR, Hannover. 68.6 ton. Master: Heitmann. Stranded in severe storm at Hermanos westside, Orust, Sweden. The crew was saved.

Norwegian schooner COMMERCE,  Master: J Möllbach. Stranded in severe storm on Galtero Huvud, Goteborgs south archipelag when on a voyage to Stettin with a cargo of herring in barrels.  The crew saved.
10/11 1850 Danish yacht NEPTUN, Master: Lützen. Stranded at Domsten, N off Helsingborg when on a voyage from Fredrikshavn with general cargo. One man of the crew was killed.
16/11 1850 Intelligence from Malta confirms the account of the blowing up, in the  Bosphorus, whilst at anchor, and the total destruction of one of the finest line-of-battle ships of the Ottoman navy—the Neiri Shevket, ship of the line, of 90 guns, bearing the flag of the Grand Admiral. This dreadful accident occurred as she lay moored in the harbour, near the Arsenal at Constantinople, on October 23rd, at about ten minutes past ten a.m., and was occasioned by the explosion of the ship's powder magazine. On either side of her was a three-decker, or a 90-gun ship.
25/11 1850 Dutch tjalk ANNECHIENA KATARINA, Veendam. Master: T Koetze. Stranded in severe wind and high sea at Koholmen, Vinga, Sweden when on a voyage Danzig - Amsterdam with a cargo of wheat. Two of the crew of three was saved.
21/12 1850 Swedish brig LOUISE, Goteborg. 245 ton. Owner: J G Grönvall & Co. Master: Aminoff. Grounded and sank at Svinbadan, Viken, Sweden on a voyage Batavia - Copenhagen. The crew was saved.
   
1851  
15/3 1851 British steamer BORDER QUEEN, Leith. Grounded and sank in dense fog at Koholmen, Vinga, Sweden on a voyage Århus - Leith with a cargo of wheat. Build 1846 at Inverkeating  of iron. 109 nrt.  (Refloated repaired and rebuild after another stranding 1847). Owner: Davidson. Master: G Thompson.
5/4 1851 The Schooner EBENEZER of Preston, bound for Dundalk with a cargo of wheat and barley sank between Southport and Lytham, 5 crew 1 passenger swept overboard.
17/5 1851 Launch of the sailing ship Marco Polo in Saint John, New Brunswick; reputed to be the fastest ship in the world.
18/5 1851 Mary White. Barque, 330 ton. London bound from Sydney with passengers and a cargo which included wool, whale oil and tallow, was destroyed by fire in the South Atlantic. The Russian barque Preciosa rescued the entire complement.
22/8 1851 Norwegian barque NINA, Arendal. Stranded between Lysekil - Hermanon when on a voyage London - Sundsvall in barlast. The crew saved. The ship was totaly wrecked in a storm  25 August. Build 1842 in Sweden of oak/pine. 285 grt. Owner: Westergoon?. Master: C Olsen.
27/8 1851 German ship MARIE, Preussen. Master: P Walles. Stranded and wrecked in severe storm on Gronskaren, Kyrkesund, Tjorn, Sweden on a voyage Davenport - Memel. Of a crew of 9 only 5 was sawed.
27/9 1851 Swedish passenger steamer KRONPRINSESSAN LOUISE, launched at konsul Lars Niclas Eneqvist varv,  Visby and towed to Linbergs M.V., Stockholm where the engine is to be installed.
16/10 1851 Dutch koff GEESINA MARGARIETA,  Stranded in a storm at Anderholmarna, N off Karingo, Orust, Sweden. She hade a cargo of timber. All crew killed.
29/10 1851 British brig JANET, Glasgow. Stranded in severe weather off Galtas, ¼ mile N off Morups lighthouse on a voyage Kronstadt - Bristol with a cargo of  tallow and hemp. The crew of 8 was all saved.  Build 1839 at Aberdeen of oak. 184 nrt. 194 grt.  Owner: Airman & Co. Master: James Boag.
4/11 1851 Norwegian ketch SARTOR, Bergen. Master: Hansen. Sank after developing a leck in Oresund between Helsingborg & Helsingor after stranding on Lappegrund on a voyage Gävle - Hull with a cargo of iron..
8/11 1851 Danish yacht FORTUNA, Helsingor. Master: C F Mortensen. Capsized after having a fire, towed in to Norra Horta, N of Varberg where she sank. No crew found.
9/12 1851 Settlers begin loading logs on the ship Leonesa in King County's (Seattle) first export.
22/12 1851 German full rigged ship WILHELMINA CHARLOTTA, Rostock. Master: H B Schröder. Stranded on Hallands Vadero, Torekov. No survivers.
23/12 1851

Swedish yacht INGRID CHATARINA, Hoganas. Master: Lars Persson. Stranded on Domstens reef, N of Helsingborg on a voyage Goteborg - Ystad/Karlshamn with general cargo. Crew and cargo was saved..

26/12 1851

Heroine. Barque, 250 tons. Built 1848. Outward bound  with emigrants from London to Melbourne, went ashore on the Dorset coast on 26 December 1851 and soon broke up. The complement of forty-four reached safety in two of her boats although a boat from the revenue cutter Francis which was assisting them was upset in the surf and four of the occupants drowned.

30/12 1851 British brig AURELIA, Newcastle. Sank after developing a heavy leak S of Nidingen after a grounding  7/12 at Klockfotsrevet, Nidingen in a storm on a voyage Riga - London with a cargo of board and beams.  Build 1837 at Newcastle. 294 nrt, 319 grt. Owner: Hood & Co. Master: John Fraser.
   
1852  
4/1 1852 The R.M.S.P.Co.'s liner Amazon was a new ship sailing on her maiden voyage to the West Indies. She was a paddle-steamer, built entirely of wood and fully rigged. The Amazon left Southampton on Friday, January 2nd, 1852, with 161 persons on board, of whom 110 were crew. A strong head­wind was blowing and in order to make a quick passage across the Bay of Biscay to pick up fine weather beyond, the master, Capt. Symons, drove his small 800 horse-power engines at full speed. As a result the bearings became overheated and there was considerable difficulty in the engine room. On Sunday morning, January 4th, when about 110 miles W.S.W. of Scilly, Mr. Treweek, the second officer, observed flames coming from the direction of the engine room. He gave the alarm and the watch went to fire stations, an examination revealing that the out­break had occurred in the ship's store, where a quantity of oil and tallow was kept. Despite every attempt to conceal the news from the passengers it leaked out, and on the orders of Capt. Symons they were confined to the saloon below, an action which had the effect of engendering such panic among them that they burst open the doors, swept aside the stewards, and rushed on deck. The state of affairs was now very grave. The fire having started near the engine room it was found impossible to stay there, though the fourth engineer made an heroic attempt to stop the engines. From this moment until the end, the engines, quite out of control, continued to force the vessel through the water. The hose-pipes were burned through and buckets proved useless. In the end the captain ordered out the boats, of which there were nine, but two of these were found to be on fire. Panic had now descended upon crew as well as passengers, and with the ship running before the wind, her sails set and her engines going, she became nothing less than a raging furnace. Finally her small magazine of powder, kept for the guns in case of piracy, exploded, and she went to the bottom. A large barque hove in sight just before the end, but probably from fear of approaching too near and becoming involved in the fire, rendered no assistance and sailed away into the darkness. Twenty-one persons were saved in one boat. Thirteen in another boat under the guidance of Lt. Grylls, R.N., a passenger, were picked up by a Dutch galliot in the Bay of Biscay after an adventurous voyage. The rest of the survivors were rescued by another Dutch vessel and taken to Brest. In all 59 persons were saved and 102 drowned. Capt. Symons went down with his ship. (Royal Mail Steam Packet Co.; 1851; R. & H. Green; 2,256 tons; 300 x 41 x 32; 800 i.h.p. ; 12 knots; engines, cylinders 96 in. diam. by 9 ft. stroke, paddles 41 ft. diam.)
7/1 1852 Dutch koff MARIA JOHANNA, Master: Driesten. Stranded on Lyngaskar, N of Morup Lighthouse on a voyage Danzig - L'Orient with a cargo of deals. The crew abandoned the ship and was all saved.
11/1 1852

French schooner MARIA, Dieppe. Master: Louise Duhamel. Stranded in a storm at Enskar, NW Getteron, Varberg on a voyage Gävle/Helsingör - Hull with full cargo of bar iron. The crew of 6 men saved.

12/1 1852 British brig CHAMPION, Arbroath. Stranded in heavy weather at Getteron, Varberg on a voyage Riga - Skottland with a cargo of flax. The crew of 7 men, saved. Build 1840 in Perth (GB) of oak/ell 159 nrt, 164 grt. Owner: McTaggart. Master: Geo Ritchy.
4/2 1852 Danish sloop MARIA, Copenhagen. Master: H P Munch. Grounded and sank at Klockfotsrevet, Nidingen on a voyage Copenhagen - Grimsby with a cargo of animalbones, oilcakes and ropes. Crew saved.
26/2 1852 The troopship HMS Birkenhead was en route to Cape Town when it hit an uncharted rock during the night, about three miles off the South African shore, near the appropriately named Danger Point. Certainty is difficult given the loss of papers in the wreck, but the ship is believed to have had 638 passengers and crew aboard. These included 476 soldiers, from a number of different regiments of the British Army, on their way to reinforce the garrison in the Cape Colony, but also 7 women and 13 children. The rock tore open the hull, and about 100 soldiers asleep below were drowned immediately. Everyone else mustered on deck, where it was clear the ship was sinking quickly. Only three lifeboats could be used. All the women and children were placed in these, with a few crew to man them. The senior army officer aboard, Lieutenant Colonel Seton of the 74th Foot, drew the soldiers up on parade on the deck, and emphasized the need for absolute discipline if the lifeboats were not to be swamped. Some cavalry horses aboard were freed and driven into the sea in the hope that they might be able to swim themselves ashore. The soldiers stood firm, even as a mast crashed down around them and the ship split in two. She sank in less than 25 minutes. Only 193 people survived the ordeal - although the weather was excellent, sharks claimed very many of the men in the water, as well as most of the horses. The tradition of "Women and children first" is popularly ascribed to have its roots in this incident; the bravery and discipline of the soldiers was admired around the world; indeed, an account was later read to every unit of the Prussian army, by order of the Kaiser, as an exemplar of military behavior. In 2002, a memorial in South Africa marked the 150th anniversary.
5/4 1852 Anna Robertson. Vessel of  441 tons. Left London for Melbourne on 5 April 1852 and was not seen again. A ship similar in appearance was seen to founder off the Cape of Good Hope in August.
3/5 1852 Swedish passenger steamer KRONPRINSESSAN LOUISE , launched at konsul Lars Niclas Eneqvist varv, Visby and completed at Lindbergs M.V., Stockholm delivered.
15/5 1852 Middlesex. Wooden barque, 578/418 tons. Built at Sunderland, 1839. Owned by Duncan Dunbar and Co. Master C. Monro. After leaving Sydney for London on 15 May 1842, wrecked on the coast of Brazil near Macelo, 30 August 1842. There was no loss of life and some of her passengers continued on to London on the barque Eliza Johnstone.
24/6 1852 William Gladstone. Brig, 252 tons. Left Moreton Bay for London with tallow on 24 June 1852 but was never seen again. It is presumed she was destroyed by fire.
?/8 1852 Ranger. Whaler, 374 tons. Foundered south of Madagascar while returning from Sydney to London with sperm oil, August 1852.
3/8 1852 Chusan. Ship. Owned by  P. & O. Steam Navigation Company. First mail steamer to arrive in the new colony from England, steamed into Port Jackson on 3 August 1852, thus establishing the first regular mail service between England and Australia.
20/8 1852 Buffalo to Detroit - 500 to 600 persons on board (the passenger list was lost with the ship) including 132-200 Norwegian immigrants, a number of Germans, and the rest Americans, including some honeymooners, left on the steamer ATLANTIC (sidewheeler, built Newport, Michigan, 1848 (1849?), 1155 tons, Captain Pettys. In the very early morning 20th August propeller Ogdenburg's bow put a hole in the Atlantic's port side (they might have been steaming fast in the fog; the Atlantic was considered a fast ship, and the Ogdensburg was brand new - Rattigan), and 150 to 250 drowned (number agrees with Dana Thomas Bowen, but a couple of web sites put the number as high as 350
24/8 1852 British Schooner MAJORESSE, Sunderland. Master: David Cooke. Stranded in hard gale on Nidingen on a voyage Sundsvall - Dover loaded with beams and deals. Crew saved.
17/9 1852 German sloop HOFFNUNG, Cuxhaven. Master: Kaades. Sank near Helsingborg after collision when on a voyage Skottland - Danzig with a cargo of herring in barrels. Two man saved and one killed.
18/9 1852 Swedish yacht PAKETEN,  Master: M Andersson. Stranded in hard gale at Sardal, N of Halmstad on a voyage Goteborg - Ahus with a cargo of alcohol. Crew saved.
20/9 1852 British brig EDWARD & MARY, Shields. Stranded at "Skarvasatt", NW off Smogen, Sweden on a voyage Shields - S:t Petersburg with a cargo of coal. Crew saved. Build 1839 at North Shields of oak. 268 ton. Owner: Robinson & Co. Master: Thomas Sharpe.
23/9 1852 Swedish yacht MARIA, Lilla Edet. Master: Nils Johansson. Stranded at Garpen, Malosund, Onsala, Sweden on a voyage Kungsbacka - Goteborg in barlast.
2/10 1852

Swedish schooner AUGUSTA, Master: Andersson. Stranded in severe SW storm at Hallands Vadero, Torekov, Sweden on a voyage Lissabon - Kronstadt with general cargo, vine and oil.

Swedish yacht CHRISTINA, Goteborg. Master: J Nilsson. Stranded in severe SW storm off Sardal, N of Halmstad, Sweden on a voyage Goteborg - Stockholm with general cargo. The crew saved.

Danish yacht ELISE, Master: Graa. Stranded in severe SW storm at Mollorna, Skelderviken, Sweden on a voyage Dronningmolle (DNK) - Copenhagen with a cargo of wood. The crew saved.

British brig ELLISON, Newcastle. Stranded in severe SW storm off Hoganas on a voyage Newcastle - Kronstadt with a cargo of coal. Master and 9 men killed, two saved. Build 1840 at Sunderland. 277 nrt, 304 grt. Owner: G Patton. Master: Walker.

Norwegian schooner EMANUEL, Master: Johansen. Stranded in severe SW storm off Torekov on a voyage Christiania (Oslo) - Copenhagen with a cargo of oak-bark.

Finnish ship HEBE, Master: Roosgren. Stranded in severe SW storm at Svinbaådan, Viken, Sweden on a voyage Cadiz - Helsingor with a cargo of salt. One man of the crew killed, eight saved.

Swedish ketch JOHANNA FREDRIKA, Master: Dristig. Stranded in severe SW storm off Hoganas on a voyage Goteborg - Viborg with a cargo of  alum slate and slate powder.

Danish ketch JULIUS, Master: Stoner. Stranded in severe SW storm at Grollegrundet, Domsten, N of Helsingborg on a voyage Dronningmolle (DNK) - Copenhagen in barlast.

British barque KITHY, Master: Ramsay. Stranded in severe SW storm at Gravarne, Helsingborg, Sweden on a voyage London - Riga in barlast.

Danish yacht LAURINE, Master: Lars Nielsen. Stranded in severe SW storm at Grollegrundet, Domsten, Sweden on a voyage Copenhagen - Holbaeck with general cargo.

Lithuanian schooner MARIE LOUISE, Memel. Stranded in severe SW storm off Haljarod / Sjuhusen, W of Angelholm, Sweden on a voyage London - Copenhagen with a cargo of 1.100 chest of tea. Build 1816 at Preussen. 152 grt. Owner: C Veirow. Master: Behring.

Swedish brig NEPTUNUS, Gavle. 294 ton. Owner: Elfstrand & Co. Master: F R Öhrling. Stranded in severe SW storm off Gravarne, Helsingborg, Sweden on a voyage Marseille - Kronstadt with a cargo of  lead, marble and paint.

Danish schooner SKJOLD, Build of oak. Master: Schmidt. Stranded in severe SW storm off Hoganas on a voyage Malaga - Kronstadt with a cargo of fruit,  vine, oil and Spanish pig lead.

German barque SYMPATHIE, Master: Boldeke. Stranded in severe SW storm at Grollegrundet, Domsten, N of Helsingborg on a voyage Torrevieccha - Memel with a cargo of salt.

British brig VIRGIL, Master: Robson. Stranded in severe SW storm off Torekov, Sweden on a voyage from Sunderland with a cargo of coal.

Finnish brig VANSKAPEN, Master: Sundvik. Stranded in severe SW storm at Haljarod, Angelholm, Sweden on a voyage from Amsterdam with a cargo of  sugar, coffee, spices, bricks and clay.

27/10 1852 Lithuanian brig PRECIOSA, Memel. 361 ton. Master: J Nicyaler. Stranded W off Vrango in Goteborgs south archipelago on a voyage Memel - London with a cargo of  rags, and oakbeams. The ship had the day before grounded on Nidingen but refloated and drifted to Vrango. The crew was saved by the lighthouse staff at Nidingen.
7/11 1852 Finnish brig JULIANA, Borgå. Master: Valentin Calonius. Stranded in a storm Woff Koster on a voyage Cadiz - Borgå with a cargo of 130 ton salt. The crew (13 men) saved.

Norwegian brig JOHANNES, Larvik. 117.5 ton. Master: Søren Hansen. Stranded in severe SW storm at Haskar, Soten, Sweden refloated and towed to Floro, Fjallbacka, Sweden where she sunk. The crew of  9 men was saved by fishermen from Gason. The ship had a cargo of deals.

8/11 1852 British brig SUSANNA, South Shields. Stranded at Ageror, Stafsinge, N off Falkenberg, Sweden on a voyage Danzig - London with a cargo of wheat and wood. The crew was saved. Build 1850 at Sunderland of oak 155 nrt, 175 grt. Owner: Fairlamb. Master: Theodor Conningham.

British schooner JENNY LIND, Aberdeen. Stranded in SW storm near Hono, Goteborgs north archipelago on a voyage Peterhead -Stettin with a cargo of herring in barrels. Crew saved. Build 1847 at Peterhead of oak/elm. 93 grt. Owner: Sutherland. Master: J Woller.

Swedish ketch HOPPET, Master: O Pettersson. Stranded in hard weather at Heron, Kyrkesund, Tjorn, Sweden on a voyage from West Hartlepool with a cargo of coal. The crew was saved.
9/11 1852 Russian schooner ROBERT, Master: Lange. Stranded and wrecked in hard wind and high sea off Torekov, Sweden on a voyage from Lisboa with a cargo of salt. The crew was saved.
10/11 1852 British steamer VICTORIA, Hull. Stranded near Vinga lighthouse in a hard westerly storm on a voyage Hull - S:t Petersburg with passenger and a cargo of fabric, steel, and paper. Eight persons killed, twentythree saved by the pilots on Vinga. The wreck was sold 21 december, to Alexander Kieller (the founder of AB Gotaverken).
12/11 1852 Swedish yacht ALBERTINA, Frolunda. Master: R. Svensson. Stranded in hard westerly vind off Halmstad on a voyage Göteborg - Halmstad with a cargo of 150 barrels of salt and some sacks of coffee.

French brig LE GENERAL NEGRIEU, Dunkerque. Master: P Fourmentel. Grounded and sank off Ageror, Stafsinge, N of Falkenberg on a voyage Riga - Dunkerque with a cargo of flax and flax seed. The crew was saved.

16/11 1852 Swedish sloop AMIRALEN, Stranded in hard weather on Stora Varholmen, Hjuvik, Goteborg.
25/11 1852 Finnish Barque AURORA, Bjorneborg. 448 ton. Master: C F Strömsten. Stranded in hard wind at Klockfotsrevet, Nidingen on a voyage Björneborg - Cette with a cargo of  deals and boards. The crew was saved
9/12 1852 German Schooner ARION, Stralsund. Master: P G Duaron. Stranded and sank at "Tvatthallarna", Tralvik, Getteron, Varberg on a voyage Stralsund - Grangemouth with a cargo of wheat. The crew of 6 was saved.
16/12 1852 Sir Fowell Buxton. Ship, 500 tons. Built 1850. Captain Woodcock. From London to Geelong and Port Phillip with 230 on board, she struck Tapioca Shoals off the coast of Brazil, north of Cape San Roque, 16 December 1852. All reached shore, but suffered from thirst on the barren shore; eventually reached Pernambuco, and later continued their voyage on the brig Richard.
20/12 1852

British brig ROSEBURY, London. Stranded in hard westerly storm near Korno, Lysekil when on a voyage Newcastle - London!! with a cargo of coal. The crew had abandoned the ship berfore she stranded. Build 1836 at Stockton (GB) of pine. 312 grt. Owner: Chodwick. Master: J Pearson.

21/12 1852 Russian schooner CONCORDIA, Areneburg. Master: I F Doll. Stranded in hard weather off Arildslage, Kullahalvon on a voyage Lisboa - Arensburg with a cargo of salt. The crew was killed and the master Doll is buried at Arilds chapell.

Swedish yacht FREDEN, Stranded in hard snowstorm off Falkenberg on a voyage Göteborg - Halmstad loaded with 40 barrels of soda. Two men killed, one rescued.

25/12 1852 Dutch koff HERSTELLING, Stranded SW at Klaveron, Marstrand on a voyage Riga - Amsterdam lloaded with poals. The ship had been abandoned in  Kattegatt, the crew was never found.
26/12 1852 New Brunswick-built ship Marco Polo arrives back from Melbourne, Australia in 140 days, a trip that usually took 240 days; declared the fastest ship in the world; 1883 wrecked when grounded in a gale off Cavendish, PEI.
   
1853  
11/1 1853 Dutch barque DE MAAS, Rotterdam. Stranded in hard weather at Oshagen, Mellbystrand, Bay of Laholm on a voyage Batavia - Copenhagen with a cargo of sugar. The crew of 16 men, saved. Build of oak. 369 ton. Master: J N Lutzow.
13/1 1853

The ship Cornelius Grinnell grounded in a heavy surf off Squan Beach New Jersey. A surf car was used to rescue all 234 persons on board.

29/3 1853 Nina. Brig, 230 tons. Built 1839. Left Bristol for Melbourne on 29 March 1853 but was dismasted in a gale in latitude 39O 20' south, longitude 66O 10' west. While passengers and crew were being transferred to the Antilles which happened upon the scene a boat swamped and three were lost. After being abandoned the Nina was not seen again
10/4 1853

Dido. Barque, 248 ton. Built as the Louis & Ellen in 1847;  reg. London. From Swan River to London with wool and twenty-one passengers, was wrecked while entering Table Bay. Passengers and most of her cargo saved.

11/4 1853 British brig TASK, Blyth. Stranded  NW of Klaveron, Marstrand on a voyage Newcastle - Svinemünde with a cargo of coal. Build 1835 at Sunderland. 223 ton . Owner: Newton & Co. Master: H Duxfield.
13/4 1853 Princess Victoria. Brig, 258 tons. Built 1831. Captain Scott. From London for Melbourne, was destroyed by fire in latitude 39O16'S, longitude 136O20'E, 13 April 1853. Crew rescued by a passing vessel.
5/5 1853

Barbara Gordon. Wooden, three masted barque, 338 tons. From Port Adelaide to London, struck a reef east of Guinness Point, Cape Agulhas. Five adults and a child were drowned while trying to reach shore on a raft.

8/5 1853 Francesca. Brig. From London to Australian ports was abandoned after springing a leak in the sierra Leone Basin off south-west Africa, 8 May 1853.
10/5 1853 Sir Hugh Allan's GENOVA the first steamer of the Allan Line to arrive at Quebec; starts 14-day Montreal-Liverpool mail run; steamers SARAH SANDS and LADY EGLINTON will follow later in the year.
23/5 1853 Founding of the Canadian Steam Navigation Company in Montreal. To offer transatlantic service to Britain.
?/6 1853

Meridian. Wooden ship, 579 tons. Built 1852. From London to Australia, wrecked a few hours after she struck Amsterdam Island in the South Indian Ocean, in June 1853. On board were 108 passengers and crew and a cargo for Sydney valued at about £25,000. Immediately she struck, the master, cook and one passenger were washed away and drowned, but those remaining managed to struggle ashore. On 29 August the whaler Monmouth sighted their distress signals and she stood on and off the island for nine days while all were rescued. After landing them at Mauritius, Captain Isaac Ludlow of the Monmouth received high praise and also a testimonial raised among the passengers.

11/6 1853

Condor. (Conqueror). Wooden ship, 911 tons. Built at St. John, 1849.Captain Leighton. Left Port Phillip early in April 1853 and her voyage was uneventful until early June when in latitude 3O30'S, fire was detected under the fore hatch. It gained rapidly so the ship was put before the wind and headed for Pernambuco. Fortunately, the French barque Charles & Pauline hove in sight and kept company with the Condor for a short time before transferring the passengers, their luggage, a large quantity of provisions, and 22,000 ounces of gold. The captain finally abandoned her on 11 June 1853.

18/6 1853 Maria. Wooden ship, 1014 tons. Built at Quebec, 1849, for Captain James Nicol Forbes later commodore of the Black Ball Line. Lbd 150 x 31.6 x 22.9 ft. Owned by James Baines & Company, when she first visited Melbourne in 1852, one of the first of the Black Ball Line ships to be placed on the Australia Run. Foundered off the Brazilian coast on 18 June 1853 while on her way from Australia to England.
23/6 1853 Swedish yacht EMELIE, Grebbestad. Master: J Persson. Stranded and sank at Bergerevet, N of Morup lighthouse on a voyage Landskrona - Goteborg with a cargo of syrup and sugar. The crew saved.
24/8 1853 Swedish schooner HOPPET, Kalmar. 90.6 ton. Owner: O Hakansson. Master: C F Backstrom. Sank after developing a leak three mile SW of Hallands Vadero on a voyage Grangemouth - Fredriksvaern with a cargo of iron. The crew saved.
25/9 1853

British brig THOMAS & MARY, Blyth. Grounded and sank at Stora Nas, Getteron, Varberg. The crew had abandoned the ship before the grounding and was never found.

26/9 1853

British brig CITY OF ROCHESTER, Rochester. Stranded after grounding at Laso on Ugglarp strand, Stensjo, N off Halmstad on a voyage Danzig - London with a cargo of timber. The crew was saved. Build 1838 at Sunderland. 257 nrt, 271 grt. Owner: Grainger & Co. Master: E Spence.

27/9 1853

Swedish yacht DELFIN, Goteborg. Master: A Wessberg. Grounded and sank at Vessingso, off Langedrag, Goteborg on a voyage Göteborg - Varberg with general cargo. Crew saved.

28/9 1853

The emigrant ship Annie Jane, Capt. W. Mason, left Liverpool for Canada with over 500 persons on board. For three weeks she battled with violent gales and eventually put back to port with the loss of her mizzen-mast and several spars. About 100 of the emig­rants left her as soon as she reached Liverpool. Having completed her repairs she again proceeded to sea with a total of 450 passengers and crew. The emigrants were chiefly Scots, with a number of Irish, i French and Germans. The ship again encountered rough weather and on the night of September 28th, 1853, when off Barra Island, in the Hebrides, she was struck by a huge wave. The poop-deck collapsed immediately, crushing 200 people to death, and in ten minutes more the ship went to pieces. A portion of the deck remained afloat and on this nearly 100 survivors were safely washed ashore. At daybreak a roll-call was taken when it was found that 102 persons were saved and that 348 had lost their lives during the brief 15 minutes that the ship remained afloat after the disaster. (Holderness; 1853; Quebec; 1,294 tons; 240 x-x-.)

5/10 1853

Russian Navy corvette NIEMEN, Master: Scott. Stranded in hard westerly storm at S:a Inholmen, Vinga on a voyage Kronstadt - Portsmouth with a cargo of provision and 74 guns. The ship was a provison and supplyship in a convoy of five russian ship, she sank on 28 meters deep and the crew, of 80 men was all saved

12/10 1853

Santipore. Three masted ship, 515 tons. Built 1847. Bound from London to Hobart Town, wrecked near Folkstone, England, 12 October 1853.

18/10 1853

Dalhousie. Wooden ship, 848 tons. Built at Moulmein, Burma, 1848. Captain Butterworth. Left London for Sydney on 12 October 1853 with a cargo valued at £100,000 and a crew of forty- eight. Twelve passengers joined her at Gravesend; the others were to board her at Plymouth. In the early hours of  18 October, when off Beachy Head, a gale battered her for several hours; just before dawn she rolled over on her starboard beam ends, and while passengers and crew sought refuge in the rigging or on the hull, it became evident she was lost. Several vessels were sighted but they passed without offering help, until afternoon when the brig Mitchel Grove picked up the sole survivor still alive in the sea. Wreckage was washed ashore at Hastings and Rye Bay (east of Beachy Head), but few bodies were recovered.

19/10 1853

Swedish yacht MATMILDA, Stromstad. Master: H Olsson. Grounded and sank in dense fog at Klockfotsrevet, Nidingen on a voyage Falkenberg - Goteborg with a cago of potato. Crew saved.

22/10 1853

English ship Western World grounded off Spring Lake, NJ during a gale with about 600 persons on board. Everyone was rescued using equipment at the nearby station.

4/11 1853

Sapphire. Wooden ship, 1140 tons. Built at Quebec, 1853. From Glasgow for Melbourne with one hundred and twenty passengers and thirty crew she was lost on Bair Point near Belfast, Ireland on the 4 November 1853 without loss of life.

7/11 1853

Geelong. Steamship. Captain McLean. Left England for Geelong under sail on 7 November 1853; lost her rudder in the Bay of Biscay. Temporary steering gear was rigged but during the night heavy seas caused further damage, so next morning when the Swedish vessel Najaden was sighted the crew crossed safely to her in boats just thirty minutes before the Geelong foundered. All were landed at Gibraltar and later proceeded to Southampton on the P.& O. liner Iberia.

27/11 1853

Swedish schooner THOR, Malmo. 120 ton. Owner: C C Wetterlind. Master: J P Lindström. Sank 2 - 3 miles WNW Nidingen after collision with the German shipkeppet Concordia. THOR was on a voyage Stockholm - Hull with a cargo of iron. The crew was saved of Concordia and landed in Helsingor, Denmark.

28/12 1853

Eva. Iron paddle steamer, rigged as a schooner. Founded off the coast of Scotland while on its way out to Australia, 28 December 1853. Eleven lives lost.

   
1854  
14/1 1854

Danish yacht HENRIETTE, Stranded off Arildslage, Kullahalvon. Crew saved.

16/1 1854

Mazeppa. Barque. Wreckage washed up near Stornaway in the Outer Hebrides was identified as being from the barque which left Liverpool for Geelong on 16 January 1854 under the command of Captain Newlands.

19/1 1854

Tayleur. Iron ship, 1750 tons. Built at Warrington (Mersey River, inland from Liverpool), 1853. Lbd  225 x 39.4 x 27.6 ft - the largest sailing ship built in Britain up to that time. Captain Noble. On 19 January 1854 left Liverpool on her maiden voyage to Australia carrying 496 passengers and a crew of eighty. The compasses had not been checked sufficiently to compensate for the iron ship and their false readings lured her to destruction two days later on the rocks of Lambay Island off the east coast of Ireland, (just north of Dublin, in the Irish Sea) during a gale and heavy fog. As she began to sink by the stern, a rope and spar were floated on to the beach, and by this means a number of lives were saved. The efforts of those on shore and aboard ship attempting to save lives were hampered by panic among the crew, mainly Chinese and Lascars. There were however many acts of heroism. This disaster cost a total of 380 lives, and of the 216 women on board only three were saved. Her remains lay undiscovered until 1959 when members of the Irish Sub-Aqua Club discovered the final resting place of a tragic ship.

21/1 1854

Latvian koff ARNOLD, Windau. Grounded in dense fog at Humleskar, SW off Marstrand on a voyage from Grimsby with a cargo of salt. The ship was later totaly wrecked in a storm on January 26. Crew saved. Build 1830 at Hannover of oak/pine. Draft: 2.4 meter. 78 nrt. Owner: W C Rinke. Master: H Jenssen.

24/1 1854

Marco Polo. Wooden ship, 2039/1625 tons. Built at St.John, New Brunswick, 1851. Lbd 185 x 35 x 29 ft. Purchased by James Baines & Co, in 1852 and entered the Australia Run the same year. One of the most significant, and magnificent, ships to have brought emigrants to Australia from the United Kingdom. Some of her voyages were controversial, with death through fever prominent in early voyages. In her thirty year career she made many swift and reasonably comfortable passages between England and Australia, and had her share of misfortunes but in general she was ‘sailed hard’ and kept remarkably free of accidents. On 24 January 1854, she lost an anchor and chain in Port Phillip and grounded on Popes Eye (shoal) near the entrance. In 1855, collided with the brig Glasgow in the Mersey, and subsequently went ashore on a falling tide; refloated on the next flood and continued her journey. In 1861, homeward bound from Melbourne,  in 1861 she collided with an iceberg and was badly damaged, but made for Valparaiso, Chile. After repairs, she continued round the Horn arriving in Liverpool after a long and tedious journey of 183 days. In 1866, completed her last sailing from Liverpool, arriving in Melbourne after 76 days (and beating the leviathan steamship Great Britain). In 1871, after twenty years of magnificent service, she was put into the ignominious task of carrying guano from South American ports. Another grounding put her into Callao for repairs. Further voyages included the Quebec to London run with timber. Later sold to a Captain Bull of Norway, remaining in the timber trade, this time Quebec to Liverpool, In 1883 sprang a leak whilst in the St. Lawrence. Her pumps could not cope, so Captain Bull put her ashore near Cavendish on Prince Edward Island. The masts were cut away, and she was dismantled.

27/1 1854 Danish brig FREDERIKE, Copenhagen. Stranded in Westerly storm at Rodskar, S off Varberg on a voyage Rio de Janeiro - Copenhagen with a cargo of coffee and hides. Crew saved. Build 1841 at Copenhagen of oak. Rebuild 1847. 172 ton. Draft: 3.6 meter. Ex."Johan Friedrich". Owner: J C Gerhardt. Master: P M Boesen.

Swedish schooner CHARLOTTA, Stockholm. Grounded and sank in dense fog at Hyppeln, Roro, Goteborgs north archipelago on a voyage Lisboa - Stockholm with a cargo of salt. Crew saved. Build 1842 at Kalmar of oak/pine. 140 ton. Draft: 3.6 meter. Owner: O Bergman-Olsson. Master: C M Gothstrom.

28/1 1854 British schooner MARY, London. 110.2 ton. Master: John Jenkins. Stranded in westerly storm at Langholmen, Lysekil on a voyage London - Saltkällan, Gullmarn in barlast. Crew saved.
2/2 1854

Danish schooner SOPHIE, Master: Diewitz. Stranded in severe storm at Kullahalvon, on a voyage from British port with a cargo of coal. Of a crew of 6, only one man survived..

14/2 1854

German brig TRITON, Preussen. Stranded in heavely weather off Nyhamnslage, Kullahalvon. Crew was saved.

5/3 1854

Irene. Wooden barque, 823 tons. Built 1852. Bound for Australiaa from England, fire broke out on board on 5 March 1854 when just south of the equator, forcing passengers and crew into the boats. They set a course for Brazil and were fortunate to be picked up by the barque Calabar. The barque Annie White fell in with her a few days later and took some of the passengers on to Melbourne.

7/3 1854 Chieftain. Steamer. Left Clyde for Geelong, was lost soon after setting out.
28/3 1854 Britain and France declared war on Russia during the Crimean War.
7/4 1854 Dutch koff JANTINA, Veendam. Stranded in hard wind and high sea at Benskar, SW of Hono, Goteborg. The crew was never found. Build 1838 at Veendam of oak. Repaired-1851. 93 ton. Draft: 2.7 meter. Owner: H S Kalkemal.  Master: H B van der Werf.
29/4 1854

Iowa. Wooden ship, 879 tons. Built at St. John, New Brunswick, 1849. Lbd 151.5 x 31 x 22.8 ft; reg.  Liverpool. First voyage to Australia in 1853 then sold to J. Steel & Co. Liverpool in 1854 and registered there. Captain Davies. Left Liverpool on 29 April 1854 with emigrants and was not seen again.

1/5 1854

Swedish sloop DELFIN, Fiskebackskil. Master: J Andersson. 98 ton. Stranded at Mellanrev, off Falkenbergs port inlett on a voyage between danish and Norwegian ports in barlast. Crew saved.

4/5 1854

Mahomed Shah. Wooden barque, 590 tons. From England to New Zealand, caught fire on 4 May 1854. Her fifty-nine passengers and crew were rescued by the brig Ellen and landed at Hobart.

24/5 1854

British steamer Douro encountered a typhoon, in which she lost her funnel and boats, and was wrecked on the north shoal of the Paracels, a group of islands and shoals in the China Sea.

21/6 1854

During a bombardment of Russian coastal fortifications on the Aland Islands in the Baltic, a shell landed aboard HMS Hecla, its fuse still burning. Mr Lucas, a Mate, ran to it and threw it overboard – it exploded before it hit the sea, but thanks to his action caused no injury.

24/7 1854

Wellington. Barque, 480 tons. Lost on the coast of Monrovia on 24 July 1854 while on a voyage from London to Hobart.

30/8 1854

A Franco-British naval squadron arrived off Petropavlovsk, Russia's chief naval base in the Far East, during the Crimean War. However, as the squadron prepared to commence bombardment, its commander, Rear Admiral David Price, committed suicide. Why he shot himself will never be known. The bombardment eventually commenced the following day, and on 4 September, the British and French ships landed marines and sailors. Unfortunately, the landing party walked into an ambush, suffering heavy casualties, and the operation was abandoned

21/9 1854

Swedish schooner GUSTAF III, Doderhultsvik. 159.2 ton. Owner: S P Lagerhamn. Master: A Ljunggren. Stranded in hard wind at Svinbadan, Viken on a voyage Lisboa - Doderhultsvik with acargo of salt. The crew of 9 men was saved.

2/10 1854 German brig PRESIDENT, Rostock. Stranded N of Morup lighthouse in bad weather on a voyage Rotterdam - Rostock in barlast. The crew of 7 men was saved. Build 1842 at Rostock of oak. Draft: 4.3 meter. Repaired-45. 188 ton. Owner: C H Brockelmann. Master: H Gjeger.

British sloop MURRAY, Goole. Stranded in hard wind and high sea N of Getteron, Varberg on a voyage Landskrona - Goteborg. Two men of the crew was killed. Build 1849 at Goole. 64 nrt, 84 grt. Owner: Clayton & Co. Master: James Watson.

24/10 1854

British barque VISCOUNT HARDINGE, South Shields. Stranded in bad weather at Morup Tange on a voyage Hull - Memel with a cargo of  cotton bale and lead. Crew saved. Build 1846 at Sunderland of pine. 316 grt. Owner: Wilson & Co. Master: J B Purvis.

25/10 1854 German brig HOFFNUNG, Barth. Stranded on a reef off Galtaback, 1 mile S of Varberg on a voyage Yarmouth - Copenhagen with a cargo of stone. Crew saved. Build 1833 a Barth of oak. Rebuild-51. Draft: 3.6 meter. 200 ton. Owner: W A Sarnow. Master: J S Kraeft.
27/10 1854

Swedish ketch CARL WILHELM, Varberg. Grounded and sank off Viken on a voyage from Goteborg to a port in North Sweden with a cargo of sugar and syrup. Crew saved. Build of oak/pine. 107.8 ton. Owner: N Rommel. Master: Jeppsson.

22/11 1854

Danish schooner DEN 6 JULI, Helsingor. Master: J Larsen. Stranded in bad weather at "Stutarna", N of Falkenberg on a voyage Köningsberg - Hull with a cargo of 1.400 barrels of grain. Crew saved.

5/12 1854

Union. Brig. From London to Launceston, was lost near Cape Verde Islands.

   
1855  
9/1 1855

Guiding Star. Wooden ship, 2013 tons. Built at Nova Scotia, 1852. Lbd 233 x 38 x 22.1 ft. Completed her first round trip to Melbourne in 1854. Left again for Melbourne on 9 January 1855 carrying 480 passengers and crew (some references say 546) and completely vanished without trace. That year vast icefields were sighted moving north into the Indian Ocean, and when the Guiding Star vanished it was believed she had hit an iceberg.

17/1 1855 Brisbane. Paddle steamer. Built in England for the Australian Steam Navigation Company, was lost during her voyage out to Australia having departed 17 January 1855.
6/3 1855

Swedish brig MENTOR, Goteborg. Master: Abelin. Stranded off Hallo, Smogen. Crew saved.

19/3 1855

British brig ORD, Shields. Sank after she had developing a leak when in the ice  4 miles NW of Vinga lighthouse on a vopyage Shields - Goteborg. The crew of 9 men, saved. Build 1826 at Shields of oak. Rebuild and repaired-41. Draft: 4.3 meter. 227 ton. Owner: T Forsyth. Master: J Hodgeon.

8/4 1855 British schooner PROTHEREE, Master: R G Gales. Grounded and sank at Svinbadan, Viken on a voyage Shields - Helsingor. Crew saved.
12/5 1855 British brig OPHELIA & MARY, South Shields. Stranded in hard weather on a ground off Torekov on a voyage Shields - Svinemünde with a cargo of coal. Build at Sunderland of oak. Draft: 4.3 meter. 250 ton. Owner: J W Clet. Master: G S Ohlson.
29/5 1855

In the Sea of Azov, the Royal Navy identified considerable military stores of food and ammunition stockpiled by the Russian army on the Crimean coastline. Despite the strength of the Russian units defending the area, Lieutenants Buckley and Burgoyne, and Gunner Robarts, volunteered to go ashore on a raid. The three fought their way past guards and managed to set fire to a considerable part of the supply dump before escaping safely back to the ships offshore.

25/6 1855

Great Western Railroad puts its steamers Canada and America into service from Hamilton to Oswego, NY; route to New York City and Erie Canal

3/7 1855

One of the main Russian supply routes to the Crimea ran across a pontoon bridge at the Genitchi Straits in the Sea of Azov. Previous attempts by the Royal Navy to destroy the bridge had failed, but Seaman Trewavas of HMS BEAGLE was sent in a small boat to mount another effort. Rowed by colleagues to the bridge, he jumped aboard the bridge and proceeded to hack the cables holding it together, despite heavy fire from Russian sentries. Despite being wounded, he managed to break the bridge in two, and escaped in the boat. He was awarded the Victoria Cross.

9/9 1855

Russian schooner FOGA, Grounded and sank off  Hoganas, Sweden. The ship had been seized in the Baltic Sea of the British Navy and was on her way to a British port with British crew. The crew was saved but the ship was wrecked.

19/9 1855 Dutch koff ARENDINA ELISABETH, Harlingen. Stranded in hard wind and high sea near Gaso, Lysekil, Sweden on a voyage Harlingen - Moss with a cargo of  roof bricks. The ship sunk at 11.5 meters deep. Build 1838 at Veendam of oak. Draft: 2.7 meter. 100 ton. Owner: J R Giezen. Master: J H Dallinga.
23/9 1855 Dutch koff JOHANNA, Farmsum. Master: L E Stamhuis. Stranded in hard wind at Langeskarsbaden, W of Havstenssund, Sweden on a voyage Delfzjil - Soon (NOR) in barlast . The ship was wrecked but the crew of 5 men was saved.
1/10 1855

Polar Star. Woden ship. Destroyed by fire in mid Atlantic on a voyage from London to New Zealand ports, 1 October 1855 . Passengers and crew were rescued by the Annamooka shortly before she sank.

15/10 1855 German schooner SOFIA FRIEDERICA, Lübeck. Grounded in rain and fog at Eggskar, Kladesholmen, Sweden on a voyage from Wick, Scotland with a cargo of herring. The 25th the ship was wrecked in a hard westerly storm. Crew saved. Build 1823 at Lübeck of oak. Repaired-43. Draft: 2.7 meter. 120 ton. Owner: D Jacoby & Co. Master: C P Cristensen.
16/10 1855

Swedish schooner SOLIDE, Visby. Stranded south off Torekov on a voyage Norrkoping - Hull with a cargo of scrap iron. Crew saved. Build in Sweden of oak/pine. 124 nrt, 151.9 dwt. Owner: M E Bahr. Master: D Ahlström.

26/10 1855

Norwegian schooner MARGARETHA SOPHIE, Egersund. Master: Bjerkeland. Stranded in a storm W off Vrango, Goteborgs southern archipelag on a voyage Lübeck - Norwegian port.

27/10 1855

German koff CATHARINA, Hannover. Master: D Th Derks. Grounded and sank near Hunnebostrand on a voyage from Norwegian port to Germany with a cargo of timber. Crew saved.

6/11 1855

Swedish ketch HELENA, Stromstad. Master: Asberg. Stranded in hard weather at Morup Tange on a voyage Porsgrunn - Copenhagen. The crew saved.

2/12 1855 Dutch koff AFIENA JONKER, Pekela. Stranded in a westerly storm off Helsingborgs on a voyage from Copenhagen in barlast. Build 1851 at Pekela of oak. 109 ton. Draft: 2.7 meter. Owner/Master: J Groenwold.
3/12 1855

Danish yacht GEFION, Copenhagen. Build of oak. 104.1 ton. Master: A Raash. Stranded in a westerly storm on the coast between Falkenberg and Morup on a voyage Newcastle - Copenhagen with a cargo of iron, paint, soda and bleaching powder. The crew of 4 saved.

Swedish yacht HEDVIG, Falkenberg. Master: Hultin. Stranded in a westerly storm near Varberg on a voyage from Malmo in barlast.

German brig WOLFF, Stettin. Stranded in a westerly storm off Morup Tange on a voyage West Hartlepool - Stettin with a cargo of coal. Build 1844 in Stettin of oak. Rebuild-51. Draft: 3.6 meter. 207 ton. Owner: E A Krause. Master: P H Haubuch.

Swedish schooner ALPHEUS, Stromstad. Stranded in a southwesterly snow storm at Burholmen, S off Sorkoster and sank at a deep of 17 meters. The ship was on a voyage from British port to Stromstad with a cargo of coal. Only 1 man was saved of the crew. Build 1845 at Sundsvall of pine. Draft: 3.3 meter. 158 ton. Owner/Master: W Stromsten.

German schooner DAS VERTRAUEN, Kirchdorf. Stranded in a southwesterly snow storm at Nas, Getteron, Varberg on a voyage Grangemouth - Rostock with a cargo of coal and iron. The crew of 7 men was saved. Build 1845 at Rostock of oak. Draft: 3.6 meter. 184 ton. Owner: E Paetow. Master: J Mundt.

4/12 1855 Dutch koff CERES, Veendam. Stranded in hard westerly snow storm on Danmarks Lilja, Goteborg entrance when on a voyage from Memel with a cargo of flax seed . The crew of five was killed. Build 1848 at Hoogezand of oak. 108 ton Draft: 3.0 meter. Owner/Master: R K Klassens.

German barque JOSEPH EARLE, Danzig. Stranded and wrecked in hard westerly snow storm on Hallands Vaderos northside, Torekov when on a voyage West Hartlepool - Danzig with a cargo of coal. The crew was saved. Build 1854 at Elbing of oak. 223 grt. 385 dwt. Draft: 4.9 meter. Owner: Dalkowsky & Struwy (J Paleske). Master: H B Janssen.

British schooner MARGARET, Dundee.  Build 1848 at Dundee. 88 nrt, 96 grt. Owner: R Mundie. Master: William Beattie. Stranded and wrecked in hard westerly snow storm on Malons westside, Onsala on a voyage Stettin - Leith with a cargo of 1.000 barrels wheat.

German koff MARIE, Hannover. Stranded and wrecked in hard westerly snow storm at Lerhamn, Kullahalvon on a voyage Köningsberg - Sunderland with a cargo of  hemp, which later was salved. The crew was saved. Build 1855 at Papenburg of oak/beech. 95 ton. Draft: 3.0 meter. Owner: R Zurmeyer. Master: E Schwennen.

 

5/12 1855

Yacht AQUELINA JULIA, (Nationality unknown) Master: E Loftman. Sunk after having a fire off Flaskon, Fjellbacka on a voyage Goteborg - Stromstad with general cargo. The crew was saved.

13/12 1855

Swedish schooner VICTORIA, Visby. Grounded and sank in dense fog at Hermanos west side, Orust on a voyage Hull - Malmo with a cargo of coal (another report says cottonl). The crew of five, saved. Build 1832 in Sweden of oak/pine. 86 grt. 98 dwt. Draft: 2.7 meter. Owner: M E Herlitz. Master: J P Husander.

22/12 1855

German barque PRINDZESSIN VON PREUSSEN, Kolberg. Stranded and wrecked in hard westerly snow storm at Salrevet, Utteros kvarn, S off Varberg on a voyage Cherbourg - Kolberg. Crew saved. Build 1853 at Kolberg of oak on iron ribs. 328 nrt. 403 dwt. Owner: O Jaenicke. Master: Fr. Schwerdtfeger. 

British brig JOHN BLACK, Dundee. Stranded and wrecked in hard westerly snow storm at Ljungnasbadan, Lerberget, S off  Hoganas on a voyage Memel - Dundee with a cargo of flax. Crew saved. Build 1830 a Grangemouth. 168 grt. (Rebuild-50). Owner: D Mitchell.  Master: George Duncan.

 

   
1856  
3/2 1856

Josephine Willis. Wooden ship, 786 tons. Built 1854. Captain Canney. Carrying one hundred and ten passengers and crew, left London for Auckland on 1 February 1856 and two nights later was off Folkestone, sailing at about six knots when struck by SS Mangerton abaft the rigging on her starboard side. In the panic which ensued the Josephine Willis lay on her beam ends with the top gallant yards just clear of the water for more than an hour, and passengers clinging to the rigging as she sank. The steamer only remained by the sinking ship for ten minutes. A total of sixty-nine lost their lives including fifty-seven passengers and the captain.

8/2 1856 German brig COURIER, Bremen. Stranded and wrecked at Pater Nosterskaren on a voyage Bremen - Reval with a cargo of cotton. Crew killed. Build at Vegesack of oak. 150 ton. Draft: 3.3 meter. Owner: G Duckwitz. Master: Franz Geerdes.
25/2 1856

German schooner LOVISA, Hamburg. Master: Zander. Stranded and wrecked at "Kallran", 3 miles N off Torekov on a voyage Rotterdam - Stettin with a cargo of  grain of rice in sacks.

8/3 1856

Canadian steamer WESTERN BRIDE struck a sunken rock about two miles from Baranca Point, in the Straits of Magellan, and sank.

6/5 1856

Swedish yacht AMALIA, Askim. Master: Alexander Andersson. Grounded and sank at "Store Flu", S off Svarten, S off Karingon, Orust on a voyage between Goteborg and Norwegian port with a cargo of rye. The crew saved.

29/8 1856

British steamer KOH I NOOR, Liverpool. Stranded in hard wind and high sea at Ornacken (Asnacken), Haljarod, Angelholm ca 50 meter from the shoreon a voyage Liverpool - S:t Petersburg in barlast. Build 1850 at Liverpool of iron with dimension 44.5 x ? x 3.7 meter. 697 grt. Comp.eng. 70 ihp. Owner: C Moore. Master: Charles Butler

27/9 1856

British brig STEVENS, Wisbeach. Stranded and wrecked in a storm at "Kalarn", S off Hermano, Orust on a voyage London - Viborg in barlast. Crew saved. Build 1839 at Sunderland of oak. 165 grt, 176 dwt. Owner: Stevens & Co. Master: Robert Bruce.

4/10 1856

British schooner DARY MAID. Master: D Richard. Stranded and wrecked in hard wind and high sea at Vinga Fjarskar on a voyage Memel - London with a cargo of timber and 1.100 Barrels of wheat. Crew saved.

16/10 1856

Swedish sloop SVAHN. Stranded and wrecked at Bua, N of Varberg.

15/11 1856

Dutch koff GEBIENA VAN DELDEN. Stranded and wrecked at Ljungnasbadan, Lerberget, S off Höganäs.

Schooner MAURICE, Nationality not known. Stranded and wrecked off Tylosand, Halmstad with a cargo of 30 barrels rye.

21/11 1856

Swedish yacht REGINA. Master: Jansson. Sunk off Morup after collision with the Danish brig "CREOL" when on a voyage  Malmo - Goteborg with a cargo of peas. Crew saved.

24/11 1856

British barque LEONARD DOBBIN. Stranded and wrecked in severe weather at Kallon, W off Bjorko, Goteborgs north archipelago when on a voyage London - Goteborg in barlast. Build 1837 at Quebec (CAN). 611 ton. Owner: Wilkinson & Co. Master: R P Walker.

British brig S:T GEORGE, Blyth. Master: Wallace. Stranded and wrecked in hard wind and high sea at Malo, Onsala on a voyage Stettin - Leith with a cargo of rye. Crew saved.

6/12 1856

Norwegian sloop FREDEN, Sarpsborg. Master: C Simonsen. Stranded and wrecked in a SW storm at Grotskar, W off Pinno, Grebbestad on a voyage Fredrikshavn - Sarpsborg with acargo of rye and butter. Crew saved. (The shipname can also have been FRIDEN)

British ship HENRY HOOD, Whitby. Master: William Pearson. Stranded and wrecked in a SSE snow storm at Karrholmen, Tistlarna on a voyage Whitby - Göteborg in barlast. Crew saved.

British schooner SARA, Dundee. Stranded and sunk in a SW storm at Storo, Vaderoarna on a voyage from Dundee with a cargo of coal. Crew saved. Build 1843 at Perth (GB) of oak/larch. Draft: 3.6 meter. 129 ton. Owner/Master: W McLagan & Co.

6/12 1856  
14/12 1856 The American ship ALICE THORNDIKE of South Thomaston, Maine, from Sunderland for New York, rescued Capt. Pearman and ten men from the British barque BRIGHTMAN of London.
15/12 1856

German brig HERCULES. Stranded and wrecked at Hoganas, Sweden.

   
1857  
10/1 1857

Swedish yacht HOPPET, Goteborg, Master: Johannes Odman. Capsized in hard wind off Vrango, Goteborgs south archipelago when on a voyage Goteborg - Varberg with a cargo of  yarn, Scandinavian vodka and general cargo. The crew of 2 men killed.

17/1 1857

Norwegian schooner INGA. Grounded and sank at Grollegrundet, Domsten, N off Helsingborg with a cargo of iron and zinc.

19/1 1857

Vessel Lord Ashburton wrecked on Grand Manan Island en route from France to Saint John; loss of 21 lives.

25/2 1857

Lithuanian schooner FEHMAR, Memel. Stranded and sunk in hard W wind after developing a leak at the reef "Kungen" , Onsala with a cargo of oilcakes. The crew of 5 men saved. Build 1846 at Libau of oak. Draft: 3.0 meter. 102 ton. Owner: A T Bluhn. Master: A Ludenheit.

Joseph Somes. Wooden ship, 774 tons. Built at London, 1845. Lbd 125.2 x 30.2 x 23 ft. Captain. C.T. Elmstone. Left London for Melbourne on 15 December 1856 with 23 passengers. On 25 February 1857, at the island of Tristan da Cunha the captain and some of the crew went ashore for water and additional supplies. As they were returning the ship caught fire and with part of her cargo consisting of 252 barrels of gunpowder she threatened to blow up. The crew and passengers jettisoned the dangerous cargo, but as the fire gained control all left hurriedly in the boats. After an uncomfortable night at sea they gained the shore where the islanders cared for them until the Nimroud from London called on the 6 March and took all fifty-two aboard. A further passage of fourteen days saw them landed at the Cape of Good Hope; then some continued on to Adelaide on the ship Cheapside.The legendary Flying Dutchman, condemned to roam the oceans impelling all who saw her, was linked with this loss. When landed at Cape Town some passengers and crew claimed the ghostly ship with its evil captain sailed right under the Joseph Somes bow shortly before the ship was destroyed by fire.

3/3 1857

Ocean Queen. Barque, 236 tons. From Brisbane to England, was lost on Bazarunta Shoal in the Mozambique Channel, 3 March 1857.

19/3 1857

Charlmagne. Iron ship, 1017 tons. Left Greenock for Melbourne on 19 March 1857 but shortly after casting off the tug went ashore south of Campbelltown and was lost.

26/6 1857

Steamer Montreal catches fire and sinks in 15 minutes in the St. Lawrence; left Quebec City at 5 PM a day earlier; 253 lives lost, mostly Scottish immigrants on their way to the west

21/7 1857

The wooden barque MONASCO had departed Goteborg, Sweden, a month earlier on June 21st enroute New York City. She was carrying a cargo of iron (600 tons?), plus a number of Dutch emigrants.
In preparation for their move, the emigrants had converted the majority of their belongings to coin in order to purchase items upon settling in the western United States.
The Captain convinced the emigrants to store all their valuables and money in his cabin to avoid the possibility of theft. During the month-long voyage across the Atlantic, the Captain, Andrew F. Daily, despite the fact that his own wife was also on board, fell in love with a young female passenger on board.
Subsequently, the Captain, in conjunction with the crew and his newly found love, planned the disposal of the passengers and his wife, and the vessel.
On approaching the Newfoundland coast, the passengers were forced below deck where they were confined with all entrances being barred with planks and nails. The conspirators, guiding the vessel towards Burin in Placentia Bay (on Newfoundland's southeast coast), located a somewhat isolated cove about 3 miles southwest of Burin, and then drove the vessel on rocks of Corbin Head. Leaving the imprisoned passengers to the mercy of the rising waters and the sinking vessel, the conspirators rowed to Burin in a small boat, where the Captain, introducing his new love as his wife, announced the loss of his vessel in an unknown cove. This story was accepted, and the conspirators obtained passage to England.
Suspicion arose when no bodies of the lost came ashore. The well-known Newfoundland salvage diver, Thomas David Dobbin, was brought in to salvage any items of value from the wreck, and also to investigate the concerns of the local authorities. To his surprise, Dobbin found the cabins nailed shut from the outside. Upon gaining access to the below deck area, he found the shocking truth... the bodies of 71 passengers (this number varies depending on the source).
The authorities sent a report to England where the Captain and the crew were arrested, tried and hanged. The young women escaped the gallows with a long prison sentence.
The salvage diver, Thomas David Dobbin, was born at St. Mary's, Nfld. On October 25th, 1817. In the fall of 1849, he accepted the request of businessman Smith McKay (who had recently acquired a set of commercial diving equipment) to assist in the diving salvage work of a Prince Edward Island schooner near Cape Race. His endurance proved his future as a commercial diver. Before his death in 1893, he recollected some of his many adventures as a salvage diver about Newfoundland and Atlantic Canada, and as far west as the St. Lawrence River between Montreal and Quebec City.
MONASCO (aka ...)
Tonnage: unknown (any missing new info. appreciated)
Place Built: unknown
Year Built: unknown
Builder: unknown
Dimensions: unknown
Port of Reg: Warren, Maine ?.
Approx. Site: 46 57' North./55 14' West.
Loss of Life: 43 to 74
References:
1. Royal Gazette (Newfoundland newspaper).
2. The Book of Newfoundland (Dobbin the Diver article) pp. 439-440.
3. Newfoundland Colonist (newspaper) - Feb. 9 - 16th, 1892.

16/9 1857

Norwegian ketch ERLA. Sunk N of Kullen lighthouse after collision with the Dutch steamer "REMBRANDT". One man killed, five saved.

17/9 1857

Norwegian schooner JOHAN AUGUST. 88.2 ton. Master: M Høijer. Stranded and wrecked in hard wind and high sea at Yttre Gasoskar, Lysekil (another report says Grebbestad) when on a voyage Newcastle - Christiania (Oslo) with a cargo of coal. Crew saved.

3/10 1857 Molly Stark. Ship. Left Cork for Melbourne on 3 October 1857 but was not seen again.
9/10 1857

British brig JANET, Dundee. Stranded and wrecked at Tistlarna on a voyage Newcastle - Copenhagen with a cargo of coal. Crew saved. Build 1841 at South Shields of oak. Draft: 4.5 meter. 319 ton. Owner: J Thain. Master: D Kydd.

26/10 1857

Dutch koff EENZGESINDHEIT, Harlingen. Stranded and wrecked in hard NW storm at Hulaback beach, Steninge, N off Halmstad on a voyage Riga - Antwerp with a cargo of  flax-seed. Crew saved.  Build 1851 at Sappemeer of oak. Draft: 2.7 meter. 99 ton. Owner/Master: J de Boer.

7/11 1857 Oltonia. Wooden ship, 1398 tons. Built at Quebec, Canada, 1854; reg. Liverpool. Captain Taylor. With 183 passengers, 54 crew, left London for Sydney in company with the Windsor on 7 November 1857, but was not seen again.
20/11 1857

British brig MARIA FRENCH, Rochester. Sunk SW off Nidingen after collision with a unknown ship. The crew was saved. She had a cargo of wheat and was on her way to a British port. Build 1848 at Sunderland. 226 grt. Owner: French & Co. Master: J P Tinley.

21/11 1857

Swedish steamer DE LA GARDIE, Lidkoping. Stranded in severe weather at Soskar, W off Mollösund, Orust, Sweden when on a voyage Karlskrona - London with a cargo of grain and passenger. Ten men of the crew and two passengers was killed, only one man survived. Build 1856 at Gotaverken, Goteborg (Yard nr: 112) of oak on iron ribs with dimensions 30.5 x 6.7 x 3.0 meter. 150 grt. Comp.eng. 30 ihp. Master: Bostrom.

5/12 1857

Windsor. Wooden ship, 1009 tons. Built at Quebec, 1850. Captain Gold. From London to Sydney, lost on the Cape Verde Islands, 5 December 1857. A letter signed by five seamen against the master that he deliberately wrecked her were dismissed.

8/12 1857

Helen. Wooden ship, 1003 tons. Built at Boston, USA, 1857. Captain West With  twenty-one passengers and twenty-three crew and a valuable general cargo, left London for Melbourne on 7 October 1857. In December caught fire and headed for Algoa Bay one thousand kilometres away while boats were prepared in case of emergency. On 8 December sighted the Swedish ship Thor and was finally abandoned in latitude 37O50'S, longitude 31O12'E. The passengers and crew were forced to leave her without any of their personal belongings but were well cared for while being transferred to several passing vessels before finally reaching Madras, India, where they were placed on R.M.S. European for Australia.

10/12 1857

Norwegian schooner CATHRINE, Porsgrunn. Master: C O Wiersen. Stranded in severe SW storm at Pinno, Fjallbacka when on a voyage from British port with a cargo of coal. Of a crew of 6 men, only two was saved.

17/12 1857

German brig EMANUEL. Stranded and wrecked in severe wind on a reef off Hoganas. (Date can be wrongl)

   
1858  
31/3 1858

Sutlej. Wooden ship, 783 tons. Built at Dundee, 1854. Touched ground when leaving Dundee for Melbourne on 31 March 1858 on Abertay Sands and sank shortly after she commenced to take water.

4/4 1858

Swedish yacht CAROLINA, Kopstadso. Master: J. Magnusson. Stranded and wrecked in a snow storm on a ground at Valo,NE off Tistlarna, Sweden on a voyage Landskrona - Goteborg with a cargo of grain and Scandinavian vodka. The crew saved

29/4 1858

Swedish brig WILHELM GUSTAF, Sundsvall. Stranded and wrecked in a storm at Svinbadan, Viken, Sweden on a voyage Goteborg - Vifsta varf in barlast. Crew saved. Build 1847 at Sundsvall of pine. Draft: 4.5 meter. 242 ton. Owner: F O Bergstrom. Master: Nasén.

1/6 1858

Magda. Dutch ship, 424 tons. Struck a reef off Cape Van Diemen, Melville Island, NT, 1 June 1858. Later abandoned. One boat, containing the captain, second mate, seven of the crew and two passengers was attacked by Aboriginals who speared and killed one of the crew. However, after a further fortnight of privations they were rescued by the brig Shamrock. The other boat with 12 on board was not seen again.

12/6 1858

German schooner HEINDRICH. Stranded and wrecked on a reef off Hoganas, Sweden.

3/7 1858

Swedish schooner JOSEPHINA, Goteborg. Developed a leak and sank off Hallo, Smogen, Sweden when on a voyage from British port with a cargo of coal. The crew of 6, saved.  Build of pine. 151.9 ton. Owner: J O Kjerrstrom. Master: M E Lindgren.

25/7 1858

French schooner JULIE. Master: A Armand. Stranded and sank in a hard SE wind at Tonners beach, Sondrum, W off Halmstad, Sweden on a voyage Newcastle - S:t Petersburg with a cargo of soda, red-lead in barrels, vitriol ect. Crew saved.

26/7 1858 Danish brig OLINE CICILIA, Assens. Stranded and wrecked in a S storm at Sjohusen, Helsingborg, Sweden on a voyage London - Stettin with a cargo of coal. Crew saved. Build 1827, rebuild-40, at Assens of oak. Draft: 3.6 meter. 138 ton. Owner: B Broun & Son. Master: Bonnesen.

Swedish schooner CAROLINA SOPHIA, Kalmar. Stranded and wrecked in a S storm at Knahaken, S off Helsingborg, Sweden. Crew saved. Build 1844 at Kalmar of oak/pine. Draft: 2.7 meter. 73 ton. Owner: C O von Südow. Master: Hoglund.

27/7 1858

Swedish schooner REGINA, Uddevalla. Stranded and wrecked in a severe S storm on a reef off Ramsjo fishingvillage, S off Torekov, Sweden. The crew of five men killed. Build at Kungalv of oak/pine on clink. Rebuild and repaired-50. Draft: 2.7 meter. 96 ton. Owner: H Hellman. Master: J A Hellman.

26/8 1858

Eastern City. Wooden ship, 1368 tons. Built at New Brunswick, New Jersey, U.S.A. in 1853. Captain D. Johnstone Chartered to the Black Ball Line when lost. Left Liverpool for Melbourne on 10 July 1858 with 180 passengers and 47 crew; also 1000 tons of general cargo; caught fire and was totally destroyed in the South Atlantic between 23 and 26 August 1858. All survived. Fortunately the transport Merchantman, bound from London to Calcutta with troops, answered her distress signals and took all except one man believed suffocated on board. They were landed safely at Table Bay and the Caroline Elizabeth later took most of the passengers on to Melbourne.  The courage of the captain of the Eastern City in rallying his crew and passengers and maintaining discipline in very dangerous circumstances was subsequently recognised when he eventually returned to Liverpool.

7/9 1858

French brig ESPERENCE EN DIEU, Ceute. Stranded and sunk in severe wind and high sea at Lillelandsrevet, Nidingen, Sweden on a voyage S:t Petersburg - Dunkerque with a cargo of flax. Build 1843 at Ceute of oak. Draft: 3.0 meter. 120 nrt, 196 dwt. Owner: Granier & Co. Master: A Granier.

18/9 1858

Oliver Lang. Wooden ship, 1275 tons. Built 1854. Lbd 183.2 x 34.4 x 23 ft. Owned by the Black Ball Line. Condemned and beached after  a fast voyage of 85 days from Plymouth to Wellington, New Zealand, with 300 passengers, arriving 18 September 1858.

5/10 1858

American steamer A. Z. foundering on a voyage from New York to Glasgow under the command of Capt. Greenland; the captain and crew were saved.

12/10 1858

German schooner JOHANNA REBECKA, Timmel. Stranded and wrecked in a hard wind at the reef "Skalronnen" off Norra Haljarod, W off Angelholm.  Build 1854 at Grossefehn of oak/beech. Draft: 2.4 meter. 81 ton. Owner/Master: G Zimmer.

15/10 1858 German schooner MARCUR, Preussen. Stranded off Lerhamn, Kullahalvon, Sweden. (Date can be wrong)
29/10 1858

Swedish ship CHRISTINA MARIA, Fiskebackskil. Master: H Sorensson. Stranded and wrecked at Vinga, Sweden after developing a leak on a voyage Odense - Fiskebackskil. Crew saved.

9/11 1858

Swedish sloop KALIFORNIEN, Malmo. Master: S Andersson. Stranded an wrecked in a severe wather off Dagshog, 3 miles S off Torekov, Sweden on a voyage Stensjo, Halland - Malmo with a cargo of 12.000 bricks.Two men killed, one saved. Owner: P Stahle & Son.

10/11 1858

Dutch koff JANTINA GEZINA, Groningen. Stranded and wrecked on a reef off Hoganas, Sweden with a cargo of potash, rye and flax-seed. Crew saved. Build 1847 at Groningen of oak. Draft: 1.8 meter. 62 ton. Owner/Master: H H de Haan.

1/12 1858

French brig HOPE, Le Havre. Grounded and sank at Klockfotsrevet, Nidingen, Sweden on avoyage Kronstadt - Hull with acargo of flax-seed. Crew saved. Build 1846 at S:t Malo of oak. 130 ton. Draft: 3.3 meter. Owner: Dumont & Leclerc. Master: Michel Moal.

24/12 1858

Swedish yacht TVA BRODER, Onsala. Master: Petter Olsson. Stranded and wrecked in a SW storm and heavy snow-fall on a reef off Saro, S off Goteborg on a voyage Uddevalla - Onsala in barlast. The crew of three was saved.

   
1859  
?/1 1859

German schooner LOUISE, Hamburg. (ex Swedish SOUCE) Sunk near Kullen, Sweden. Reason unknown. Build 1831 at Vastervik of oak/pine, dimension 25.3 x 6.3 x 2.8 meter. Rebuild and lengthened by Opfermann, Hamburg-52. 87 ton. Owner/Master: Carl Johann Zander.

11/1 1859

British brig REBECCA, Sunderland. Stranded and wrecked in severe W snow storm at Gaveskar, Goteborgs entrance on a voyage Goteborg - London with a cargo of steel, timber and oat. Crew killed. Build 1847 at Sunderland of oak. 338 grt. Owner: Scott & Co. Master: Joseph Brownrigg.

14/1 1859

Swedish ship LANNA, Visby. Owner: Konsul Eneqvist. Master: Högman. Grounded and sank off Stranninge, Morup, Sweden on a voyage between British port and Copenhagen in dense fog with a cargo of coal. Crew saved.

9/3 1859

British brig CALYPSO, North Shields. Stranded an wrecked in a severe storm on Kockholmens, W off Grundsund, Sweden on a voyage North Shields - Swinemünde with a cargo of coal. Crew killed. Build 1840 at Sunderland of oak. 273 grt. Owner: J Young. Master: James Morton.

13/3 1859

Indian Queen. Wooden ship, 1041 tons. Built at Miramichi Bay, New Brunswick, Canada, 1852. Owned by Harrison & Stoue and registered at Liverpool. Ran between Liverpool and Melbourne 1853-1857. Captain Brewer. Left Melbourne for Liverpool on 13 March 1859 with 40 passengers and a cargo of wool but towards the end of the month when in latitude 58OS, longitude 151OW, collided with an ice berg. The Captain, chief officer and most of the crew abandoned the ship when she struck,  to be swept away in the fog and not seen again. Only the second mate remained on board; she drifted helplessly among ice bergs for several days before sails were rigged on the broken masts and a course set for Valparaiso. She came across a whaler, the Lafayette which provided a correct longitude. Soon after she met the French warship Constantine, her captain offering to escort the stricken Indian Queen into port. Land was eventually sighted, the Constantine went ahead and H.M.S. Ganges, Admiral Baynes, came out and took the ship in tow reaching Valparaiso on 10 April 1859. The skill of the second mate Mr Leyvret, and the ships carpenter Thomas Howard had brought home the ship and her grateful passengers after Captain Brewer, the mate Jones and fifteen seamen had deserted their own ship, only to tragically die in the gale-swept seas. The ship was rebuilt and re-rigged  but was later sold by public auction at Valparaiso and ended her days as a palm oil hulk at Boxny in West Africa.

20/3 1859

Finnish brig GLORIA, Viborg. Stranded and wrecked in severe weather on Mollon, Orust, Sweden on a voyage Malaga - Kronstadt with a cargo of raisin, oil in barrels and lead. Crew saved. Buildd 1842 in Libau of oak/pine. Rebuild and repaired-53. Draftp: 3.9 meter. 200 nrt, 224 grt. Owner: P Wahl. Master: H J Backman.

15/4 1859

First steamboat in the area, the International, starts operating on the Red River, carrying freight and passengers between Fort Garry and St. Paul, Minnesota.

25/4 1859

At Port Said, Egypt, ground is broken for the Suez Canal, an artificial waterway intended to stretch 101 miles across the isthmus of Suez and connect the Mediterranean and the Red seas. Ferdinand de Lesseps, the French diplomat who organized the colossal undertaking, delivered the pickax blow that inaugurated construction.

19/5 1859

Steamboat Pioneer arrives at Fort Garry from St. Paul, Minnesota; first steamboat on the Red River.

4/8 1859

The Australian passenger steamship Admella was bound from Adelaide to Melbourne with 107 passengers and crew and a general cargo. No details of the vessel herself seem to be known, but her loss was one of the most tragic occurring on the Australian coast in the 19th century. On August 4th, 1859, when off Cape Northumberland, South Australia, she was wrecked with the loss of 83 of those on board.

22/8 1859

Henbury. Ship, 473 tons. Burnt in Otago harbour on the morning, shortly after arriving from England. Later her remains were raised and used as a hulk.

20/10 1859

Norwegian yacht TRE REDARE, Arendal. Master: Olof Jansen. Stranded and wrecked in hard weather on Hallo, Smogen, Sweden on a voyage from Danish port to Arendal with a cargo of meat . Crew saved.

22/10 1859

German schooner DINA, Hannover. Build 1848 of oak/beech. 70 nrt. Owner/Master: M A Geisper. Stranded and wrecked in severe SW storm at Bokesgard, Harplinge, N off Halmstad, Sweden on a voyage West Hartlepool - Halmstad with a cargo of coal and sheet iron. Crew saved.

25/10 1859

Royal Charter. Iron auxiliary steamship, 2719 tons. Built on the River Dee, south of Liverpool 1854. Lbd 235 x 41.5 x 22.5 ft. Owned by Gibbs Bright & Company. After a disasterous start to her career with several mishaps, reached Melbourne in the excellent time of just under sixty days. Her speed and splendid accommodation attracted great interest and she soon became one of the most popular ships to visit Australia. On 26 August 1859 under captain taylor, she left Melbourne for home with 500 passengers and crew, 68,397 ounces of gold and £48,000 in sovereigns. After a record run of fifty-five days she reached Queenstown, Ireland where thirteen passengers disembarked and eleven riggers from another ship joined her. Passengers requested she call at Holyhead to allow them to see the giant Great Eastern, at that time the largest ship in the world, and this delay was to prove fatal. As she left Holyhead rough weather was working up and when off Point Lynas (north Anglesey, Wales), hurricane force winds and giant seas forced her towards the rocky coast as she searched in vain for a pilot. For a while she used the engines to help her anchors hold her while the masts were cut away, but the cables parted, the rigging from her fallen masts tangled around her propeller shaft, and just before dawn on 25 October she went ashore in Moelfre Bay on the east coast of Anglesey, Wales. Only 27 men managed to reach shore before huge waves dumped the ship across rocks, breaking her in two and drowning 459 persons, including her master. A four sided memorial stone pedestal stands in the tiny church of Lianallgo in Angelsey, north-west Wales. Two months after the tragedy Charles Dickens visited Moelfre and adapted a story of the wreck for a tale in the Uncommercial Traveller. As John Lewis of Bristol who was the purser on the Royal Charter was lost with all his records, the exact number of persons on board was never known. Divers were sent down to recover bodies and the gold, in bags and iron chests, estimated to be about half a million sterling. Much was recovered. Some specie still remains on the treacherous wrecksite.

29/10 1859

German brig JOHANNA, Wismar. Stranded and wrecked in a severe storm W off Mollon, Orust, Sweden on a voyage Hartlepool - Wismar with a cargo of 2.000 barrels of coal, grindstone and Gas conduit. Two men killed, five saved. Build 1833 at Wismar of oak. Rebuild and repaired-52. Draft: 3.9 meter. 180 nrt. Owner: B C Frentz & Sohn. Master: J C Ahrens.

6/12 1859

German brig JAN TROSS, Papenburg. Capsized in hard wind and high sea at Kattegatt, drifted in and stranded on a ground near Sodra Grundsund, Sweden when on a voyage Riga - Rotterdam with a cargo of corn. The crew of 6 saved. The ship was lifted in January 1860 when the cargo was salved, an then sunk at the same place. Build 1857 at Papenburg of oak. 164 nrt. Draft: 3.3 meter. Owner: J Tross. Master: Johan H Voogdt.

13/12 1859

John & Lucy. Wooden ship, 1235 tons. Built at Warren, Maine, USA, 1850. Lbd 169.2 x 31.1 x 23 ft. Purchased by the Black Ball Line in 1853, the first American vessel owned by the famous English compnay. Wrecked on rocks at Santos, Brazil, 13 December 1859.

22/12 1859

German brig EMILIE, Stralsund. Stranded in severe weather at Lybeckarevet, Skrea nas, Falkenberg, Sweden when on a voyage West Hartlepool - Swinemünde with a cargo of coal. Crew saved. Build 1842 at Straleund of oak. Rebuild 1857. Draft: 4.3 meter. 274 ton. Owner: F A Spalding & Co. Master: J H Gronow.

24/12 1859

Blervie Castle. Wooden ship, 616 tons.  Built 1857. Owned by Duncan Dunbar. Left London for Adelaide in 1859; was seen in the English Channel on Christmas night, then disappeared with all hands, numbering fifty-seven. Her hull was later located near the Ridge Sands in the English Channel and bodies and cargo washed ashore on the French coast.

28/12 1859

Hastings. Wooden ship, 997 tons. Built 1853. Captain James Nicol Forbes. From Liverpool to Moreton Bay, lost off the Cape of Good Hope, 28 December 1859. When sighted by the French vessel Chevreuil she was slowly sinking and took captain and crew on board.

   
1860  
6/1 1860 Wooden three masted barque John Sugars from London to Australia, was abandoned in a sinking condition,  in latitude 36”28'N, longitude 8”15'W. All crew were rescued by SS Nicholas Wood. (508 tons.  Built at Sunderland 1853.)
?/2 1860 Dutch koff NEPTUNUS strandad in severe wind near Molle, Sweden.
20/2 1860

Steamship Hungarian wrecked off Cape Sable; 205 lives lost.

19/3 1860

Dutch koff NEWA of Harlingen. Stranded in westerly storm at Tangeskar between Hallson and Kalvo, Havstenssund, Sweden when on a voyage Harlingen – Christiania (Oslo) with a cargo of roofing pan, chicory nuts, spices and oil in barrels. The crew of eight was saved. (Build 1830 at Emden of oak. 185 grt, 218 dwt. Owner: Foutein & Tjellinga. Master: H H Kock).

?/4 1860

Dutch koff GEZINA MENSINGA of Farmsum, stranded and wrecked in severe wind on a ground off Hoganas, Sweden. (Build 1855 at Wildervank of oak. 127 nrt. Owner/Master: K Pot).

8/4 1860

British steamer EARSDON of London. Stranded on a stonereef, half a mile off the shore at Nyhamn, N off Hoganas, Sweden when on a voyage Le Havre - Libau, with a cargo of engines,  steam lokomotiv and railway track. (Build 1855 at R & W Hawthorn, Newcastle; 419 nrt, 526 grt; C.2 engine. 70 ihp; Owner: H Taylor; Master: Weatherley).

11/4 1860 French steamer GARCON. Stranded near Hoganas when on a voyage to Pillau with a cargo of engines.
?/5 1860 British wooden barque Trafalgar, bound from Australian ports to London when she sprang a leak and foundered in the Atlantic. One boat with survivors was picked up but the others were not seen again. (717 tons. Built at Sunderland, 1845. Lbd 133 x 31.5 x 21.2 ft. Owned by Duncan Dunbar and registered at London.)
2/9 1860 British wooden ship British Merchant. While lying at Smith’s Wharf, (Port Jackson, Sydney), loading a cargo for London, was destroyed by fire. When fire hoses proved ineffective she was towed to Cremorne Point, (within Port Jackson), and allowed to burn to the water line. (913 tons. Built at Aberdeen, 1857).
4/9 1860 German brig DER STRAHL of Stettin. Stranded in a NW storm off Skummeslov, Mellbystrand, Sweden when on a voyage Stettin - S:t Brieux with a cargo of wooden beams. The crew saved. (Build 1835 at Stettin of oak. Rebuild and repaired 1856. 165 ton. Owner: G R Rodenbeck. Master: I Doring).

German schooner EMIL. Stranded in NW storm on the reef off Stensjo, S off Falkenberg when on a voyage Larvik - Zinge Crew killed.

Swedish schooner HELENA. Stranded in NW storm near Mellbystrand when on a voyage Narva - Hull with a cargo of bone. The crew of five saved. (Build 1850 at Sundsvall of pine. 72 nrt. Owner/Master: B Olsson).

German brig MARIA. Stranded in NW storm near Mellbystrand when on a voyage Stettin - Painbeuf with a cargo of wooden beams. Crew saved. (Build 1817 at Stettin of oak. Rebuild 1853. 185 ton. Owner: J C Graff's Erben. Master: C F Dinse).

4/10 1860 German 3 mast barque AGNES. Stranded in severe W storm off Thunby, S off Torekov, Sweden when on a voyage London - Swinemunde in barlast. Crew saved. (Build 1855 at Kolberg of oak. 565 ton. Owner: M F Pludemann. Master: Ernst Leitzmann).

Swedish schooner AJAX. Sunk after collision with the barque SCANDIA in Oresund between Helsinborg and Helsingor with a cargo of coal. The crew of six, saved. (169 ton. Redare: Elfbrink & Luth. Befälhavare: Malmgren).

Danish ketch ANE. Stranded in severe westerly storm at Halsarevet, Jonstorp, Kullahalvon, Sweden when on a voyage Hjerting - Copenhagen with a cargo of pottery and empty barrels. (Befälhavare: Mathiesen).

Swedish brig BOLINA of Stockholm. Stranded in severe westerly storm off Torekov (Hallands Vadero ?) on a voyage from Stockholm to England with a cargo of board. (Master: P A Boman).

Dutch brig EIDSWOLD. Stranded in severe westerly storm at Hittarp reef, N off Helsingborg while on a voyage Riga - Dundee with a cargo of wooden beams. Crew saved. (Befälhavare: Torgersen).

German schooner EMANUEL of Stralsund. Stranded in severe westerly storm at "Kronoplanteringen", N off Torekov while on a voyage Bremen - Danzig with a cargo of rum, vine, syrup and graine of rice. Crew of five, saved. (Build 1842 at Barth, Germany of oak. 58 nrt. Owner: F W Fleischer. Master: E F Jung).

Swedish schooner FAMILJEN of Visby. Stranded in severe westerly storm on the reef "Adelejet", Ockero, Onsala, Sweden when on a voyage Amsterdam - Visby in barlast. Master  and two men killed. (Build 1840 at Visby of oak/pine. 60 grt. 93 dwt. Owner: C J Backstrom. Master: Carl Johan Hussander).

German koff  FRANCISCA of Papenburg. Stranded in severe westerly storm at Skalderviken, off Angelholm when on a voyage Newcastle - Memel with a cargo of iron bars and five ton soda. Crew of five, saved. (Build 1847 at Papenburg of oak. 87 ton. Owner: J Barents & Co. Master: I W van der Wyk).

British schooner LADY OF MAGDRUM. Capzised in severe westerly storm in Skagerack, stranded at Blysundsholm and towed in to Stigbergsholmen, Herron, Tjorn, Sweden were she sank. The ship had a cargo of wheat. There were no trace of her crew. (Befälhavare: James Whittet).

Lituanian brig LUDOVICA of Memel. Stranded in severe westerly storm at Halsarevet, Tunneberga, Kullahalvon, Sweden when on a voyage Memel – Lynn, England with a cargo of wooden beams and board. (Build 1828 at Memel of oak. 250 ton. Owner: H Nuske. Master: Trapp).

British brig WATERKELPIE of Blyth. Stranded in severe westerly storm at Lonskar, Kungsbacka fjord, Sweden when on a voyage Narva - London with a cargo of board. (Build 1847 at Sunderland of oak. 253 ton. Owner: J Dixon & Co. Master: S Bergen).

 

20/10 1860

British brig ROBINSON of West Hartlepool. Capsized at Hanstholm, Jylland and drifted over Skagerack and stranded on Svartskaret, N off Kallarholmen, Grebbestad and sunk. (Build 1842 at Sunderland of oak. 241 ton. Owner: Holmes & Co. Master: D Powell).

25/10 1860 Swedish sloop ALFRED, 88.2 ton. Owner/Master: A Bergman. Grounded and sank on the reef "Kråkorna" between Koön och Åstol, Marstrand when on a voyage Flensburg - Uddevalla with a cargo of 38.000 brickstones. Crew saved.
27/10 1860

Norwegian barque SALAMANDER. Stranded at Galteklovsberget, Långeby Huvud, S of Havstenssund in a storm and fog when on a voyage Santander - Skien with a barlast of 120 ton sand. Rhe crew of 10 was rescued. (Build at Bayonne, France of oak. 367 ton. Master: O A Jensen. Ex.whaler).

1/12 1860

Danish schooner ANNA MARIA MAGRETA. Stranded in severe wind and high sea on Fågelskär, N of Måseskär, Orust, Sweden.

19/12 1860

Russian Steambarque MATHILDA. Master: G Thode. Stranded in a storm and dense snow on Klockfotsrevet, Nidingen, Sweden when on a voyage Landskrona - London with a cargo of grain

21/12 1860

HMS CONQUEROR (101 guns) wrecked.

29/12 1860

Australian forces were deployed for the first time overseas, a detachment of sailors from the steam sloop Victoria taking part in an engagement ashore during the closing stages of the Second New Zealand War. In Britain, the Royal Navy's first ironclad warship, HMS Warrior, was launched at Blackwall on the Thames. The French had built the first armoured warship, Gloire, the previous year, but had proved unable to build an iron hull, resorting instead to armor plating over a wooden hull. Warrior in contrast boasted an iron hull, wood only being used for shock absorption behind the armor.

   
1861  
13/1 1861

Norwegian barque DAVID FAYE. Stranded in a westerly snowstorm at the ground "Stockene", W of Ursholmen, Sydkoster, Sweden when on a voyage Leith - Christiania with a cargo of 355 ton coal. Crew saved. (Build 1841 at Fredrikshald of oak/pine, 253 ton. Owner: H Lorange. Master: L Helgesen).

25/1 1861

Swedish schooner JUNO. Grounded and sank in dense fog at Havrarevet, Nidingens SE side when on a voyage Newcastle - Landskrona with a cargo of coal. The crew of 7, saved. (Build 1832 in Kalmar of pine. 184 grt, 391 dwt. Owner: J P Meurling. Master: J J Mellén).

19/4 1861

President Lincoln orders blockade of Southern ports from SC to Texas.

21/4 1861

USS Saratoga captures slaver, Nightingale.

6/5 1861

Swedish steamer KATTEGATT. Stranded in a storm and high sea on a rock ¾ miles off the coast, S of Blindarev, Falkenberg, Sweden when on a voyage Varberg - Lübeck with general cargo and passengers. The passengers and crew was all saved. (Build 1855 in Norrköping of iron. 140 nrt. 100 ihp Comp.eng. Owner: Hallands Ångbåts AB. Master: W von Köhler).

?/8 1861

Swedish schooner ALMA. Lost of unknown reason near Göteborg when on a voyage Stockholm - France.

17/9 1861

Lion Belge. On a voyage from Leith to Sydney, lost near Yarmouth, England. (Wooden ship, 569 tons. Built at Antwerp, Belgium).

28/9 1861

British steamer NEVA, Hull. Sank near Nidingen, Sweden after she had been in a collision with the Danish steamer "L N HVIDT" when on a voyage Hull - Kronstadt. Crew saved. (Build 1861 by Earle Shipbuilding Co, Hull of iron. 450 nrt, 558 grt. 70 ihp Comp.eng. Owner: Norwood & Co. Master: B Moor).

2/10 1861

William Brown. Outward bound for Nelson, New Zealand, caught fire when off Madeira. Twenty-two passengers and crew were rescued next day by the brig Hedwig Charlotta. Only one life lost. (Wooden barque, 403 tons).

12/10 1861

The Confederate ironclad Manassas attacked the northern ship Richmond on the Mississippi River.

6/11 1861

Norwegian schooner ANNA, Drammen. Master: Peter Andersen. Stranded in a storm on the reef "Pickarna", SW off Käringön, Orust, Sweden when on a voyage Newcastle - Christiania with a cargo of coal and general cargo. Crew saved.

8/11 1861

German brig DER PFEIL, Rostock. Grounded in dense fog and sank at Galtabådsrevet, Utteros, S off Varberg when on a voyage Charlestown - Rostock with a cargo of coal. Crew saved.  (Build 1841 at Rostock of oak. 175 ton. Owner: Saniter & Weber. Master: Hallier).

German schooner SOLON. Build 1859. Master: Schluck. Grounded in dense fog and sank at Morups Hallar, Lönestig, N off Falkenberg, Sweden when on a voyage Newcastle - Köpenhamn with a cargo of coal and iron. The crew of 5, saved.

15/11 1861

Swedish sloop CARL GUSTAF. Master: E A Backe. Stranded in NE storm on "Röda skäret", at Vallholmen, Vrångö, Göteborg when on a voyage Göteborg - Raa in barlast. Crew saved.

Norwegian yacht FREIA, Bergen. 47.7 ton. Master: H O Mellsner. Stranded in NE storm on Väderöarna, Sweden when on a voyage from Aebeltoft, Denmark with a cargo of grain. The crew of 6 men, killed.

17/11 1861

Eleanor. Wooden, three masted barque, 274 tons. Built 1860. Destroyed by fire in the South Atlantic. The crew were rescued by the ship J.G. Richardson.

19/11 1861  
   
1862  
22/1 1862 Ocean Chief. Wooden ship, 1026 tons. Built at Maine, 1853. Lbd 182.1 x 34 x 22.5 ft. Owned by the Black Ball Line after 1854. On her way home from Melbourne, she called at Bluff, New Zealand to discharge four thousand sheep. While entering harbour ran aground but was refloated next day badly damaged and towed to a berth against the wharf, then apparently set on fire by her crew and completely destroyed, after being scuttled to save the wharf.
24/1 1862 Indian Ocean. Wooden ship, 1019 tons. Built 1851; reg. London. Captain Russell. While under charter to the Black Ball Line, on a voyage from Liverpool to Sydney, abandoned in a gale in a sinking condition off Waterford, Ireland (south-east coast), 24 January 1862. No loss of life, the crew of twenty-five rescued by the brig Europa from Le Havre to Liverpool. The Indian Ocean went ashore soon the crew were rescued, and at flood tide went to pieces scattering cargo along the coast.
29/1 1862 Launching of first turreted warship, USS Monitor
9/3 1962 First battle between ironclads, USS Monitor and CSS Virginia.
24/4 1862 Union Admiral David Farragut leads a flotilla past two Confederate forts on the Mississippi River south of New Orleans. Moving at 2:00 a.m., Farragut lost one ship but successfully ran past the strongholds. He scattered some Confederate ships and sailed to New Orleans the next day, capturing one of the Confederacy's major cities with barely a shot fired.
11/5 1862 CSS Virginia blown up by Confederates to prevent capture.
15/7 1862 Perekop. Wooden ship, 856 tons. Built at New Brunswick, 1855; reg. Liverpool. Wrecked near the Cape Agulhas lighthouse during voyage from Fremantle to London, 15 July 1862.
27/7 1862 Steamer Golden Gate burns & sinks off West Coast of Mexico.
23/8 1862 U.S. wooden screw sloop ADIRONDACK wrecked on the Little Bahama Bank.
25/8 1862

Flying Mist. Wooden ship, 1183 tons. Built in USA, 1856; reg. Boston. Lbd 200 x 39 x 24 ft. Captain Linnell. From Glasgow to Bluff, New Zealand with twenty passengers and 1760 sheep, arrived at her destination on 25 August 1862 and anchored outside the harbour. During the night, sixteen members of the crew deserted after slipping one of the cables, which allowed her to swing around and strike a rock. She filled quickly with water and sank so rapidly that only about 800 of the sheep were saved, although the crew, passengers and eighteen shepherds attending the sheep were saved. She could not be salvaged.

17/9 1862

At 2: 30 a.m., during the prevalence of a strong southerly gale upon Lake Huron, the schooner, Colonel Hathaway, lying at the wharf at South Harrisville, MI was wrenched from her moorings and driven ashore. The morning was intensely dark and rain fell in torrents, but the schooner drove so far up on the beach that her crew of five men found no difficulty in saving themselves without aid. While drifting in, she collided with the schooner Garibaldi; she too broke adrift and drove ashore. The crew of this vessel, five in number, was equally fortunate in getting ashore without trouble. Word being sent about noon to the life-saving station at Sturgeon Point (No. 5, Tenth District), six or seven miles distant, that two vessels were ashore at South Harrisville, the crew at once repaired to the scene to offer their services. Hathaway's crew was busily at work stripping the vessel, but requiring no assistance. Finding nothing could be done for her, the life-saving crew went to the aid of Garibaldi. After discharging her cargo of lumber and tan-bark, they pumped her out and assisted in heaving her within reach of the lines of a steam-barge, which then took hold and hauled her afloat. She came off in a leaky condition, but nevertheless reloaded her cargo and proceeded to her port of destination in tow of the steamer which assisted in getting her off.

12/12 1862 Confederate torpedo (mine) sinks USS Cairo in Yazoo River.
31/12 1862 USS Monitor founders in a storm off Cape Hatteras, NC.
   
1875  
21/7 1845 Side-wheel towboat SILAS O. PIERCE, of  Austin’s Line, exploded her boiler while laying off 14th Street, New York. Two scalded crewmen have since died.
27/8 1875 Tug PRECHT [J. H. PRECHT] sank at her Staten Island dock. She was used in harbor work by her owners, Funch, Edye & Co. [She was subsequently raised and overhauled.]
   
   
1880  
24/7 1880 Steamer CITY OF STOCKTON and tug SAUNDERS collided off Pier 1, North River, New York.
21/8 1880 The side-wheel tug RATTLER ran aground on Green’s Flats, Echo Harbor [New Rochelle?], and stove a hole in her bottom and sank. She has been raised and towed to Staunton Street by JOHN FULLER
15/9 1880

Tug WHITE FAWN’s steamcock exploded at Amboy, scalding the entire crew.

18/9 1880 Tug EDITH BEARD was run down and sunk in the Bay (New York) by steamer unknown
   
1881  
31/12 1881 Tug GENERAL SHERIDAN sank at Jay Street, New York and was raised by Chapman’s scow.
   
1882  
23/1 1882

Tug H. P. FARRINGTON blew up at Haverstraw. Three of her crew were killed and the remainder injured.

21/4 1882

Tug W. E. CHAPMAN, owned by W. E. Chapman, took fire while coming down the East River and was patially destroyed. She was working for the “N. Y. C. & Northern RR.”  Tugs DAYLIGHT, F. W. DEVOE, and WILLIAM F. BURDEN aided in putting the fire out. She was valued at $19,000.

17/6 1882

Tug HOPE was damaged off Catskill by passenger steamer CITY OF HUDSON. Tug AMBITION towed her to Athens for repairs.

   
   
   
1899  
12/9 1899 British steamer THERMOPYLAE, 3.711/94, Ran ashore at Green Point Lighthouse, Table Bay while on passage from Sydney to London and became a total loss.