Merchant and Navy Ship events
1900 - 1913

15/2 1900

Auguste. Three masted iron barque, German, 1527 tons. Built 1871. Lbd 208.3 x 40 x 25.6 ft. From Fremantle to London with a cargo of jarrah timber, wrecked at Atherfield, Isle of Wight.

20/2 1900

Norwegian barque NORMA (1.116 grt / 1874). Grounded at Dunbar when on a voyage Mobile - Grangemouth with a cargo of pitch-pine.

27/2 1900

German mail-steamer REX stranded and broke in two at Lohme (Rügen).

4/4 1900

Swedish fishing ship TORSTEN, Edshultshall sink in the North Sea. Seven men killed.

11/4 1900

US Navy accepted its first submarine, USS HOLLAND.

21/4 1900

Turkish torpedo boat SEHAM sank in the outer harbour at Beirut after a boiler explosion, 27 lives were lost.

30/4 1900

Hawaii was organized as a US territory.

15/5 1900

Reported that the Swedish fishingship PRINS EUGEN, Kornö sunk with her crew off the coast of Shetlands.

26/5 1900

Kakapo. Steel steamer, 1093 tons. Built at Grangemouth, 1898, as the Clarence. Lbd 225 x 34 x 13 ft. Captain Nicolayson. On her delivery voyage to the Union Steam Ship Company of New Zealand when lost near Cape Town, 26 May 1900.

12/6 1900

Swedish yacht NORRVIKEN, Kalvön sunk near nära Havstenssund, Kattegatt. Of the crew of four is three killed and one rescued by a steamer.

17/6 1900

Chinese torpedo gunboat FEI TING was captured by the joint British-French-German-Russian expedition in drydock at Taku.

30/6 1900

4 German liners burn at Hoboken Docks NJ, 326 die.

11/8 1900

French destroyer FRAMEE is sunk.

24/8 1900

Mataura. Built in 1868 as the Dunfillan and renamed when purchased by the New Zealand Shipping Company. A barque of 853 tons. Sold to the Norwegians and renamed Alida. Dismasted and abandoned in the Pacific on 24 August 1900.

1/9 1900

French sea-going torpedoboat BOUET WILLAUMEZ wrecked.

?/10 1900

The Canadian barque Angola ran on a reef in the Pacific in October, 1900. Only two of the crew were saved. (W. H. Mosher; 1890; W. H. Mosher; 1,672 tons; 219,2 x 41 x 23,9.)

13/11 1900

U.S.N. merchant armoured cruiser YOSEMITE foundered in a typhoon off Guam.

2/12 1900

French iron barque SEINE, stranded at Perran Bay (Perranporth). The crew abandoned the ship. The day after she had broken her mast and capsized and was later a total wreck.

16/12 1900

Former German iron flush-decked corvette GNEISENAU, now schoolship, was wrecked on the mole at Malaga in a storm.

23/12 1900

Italian gunboat CARIDDI was stranded 70 miles N of Massawa (Red Sea) and her wreck was later sold.

27/12 1900 Danish steamerSJÆLLAND stranded ¼ mil E off Hanstholm. The crew was saved but the ship was wrecked.

Swedish steamer ST ERIK stranded ¼ mil E off Hanstholm but managed for own engine to refloat. (Swedish official no: 3230)

30/1 1901 Loch Shiel. Iron barque, 1277 tons. Built at Glasgow, 1877. Lbd 225.3 x 35.6 x 21.1 ft. From Glasgow to Adelaide and Melbourne, wrecked at Milford Haven, 30 January 1901. No loss of life.
7/3 1901

Barque VOORSPOED, (Nationality unknown). Stranded in a storm at Perran Bay. Refloated.

3/8 1901

British destroyer HMS VIPER run aground on Renonquet reef, north of Burhow Island and was wrecked.

3/9 1901

Thomaz Andrea. (Thomas Andrea). Wooden steamer, 63 tons. Built 1897; reg. Darwin.  Foundered off Peron Island near the mouth of the Daly River, NT. Lost close to Heron Island, Daly River.

4/9 1901

German aviso WACHT was lost in the Baltic in a collision with the German SACHSEN.

7-8/9 1901

The Swedish steamer WILLY was during the night in collision and sank, with the Danish steamer NEXOS in Kaiser Wilhelm Kanal  28 miles off Brunnsbüttel

17/9 1901

British destroyer HMS COBRA sank in heavy weather near the Outer Dowsing Light Vessel. Only 12 men survived.

25/9 1901

Finnboda Varf's AB, Stockholm launch the Swedish coast defense ship WASA for the Swedish Royal Navy.

7/11 1901

AB Kockums Varv, Malmoe launch the Swedish coast defence ship TAPPERHETEN for the Swedish Royal Navy.

12/11 1901

Swedish barque TRIO grounded and wrecked in a severe storm at  the Bay of Hartlepool, England. Seven men killed, three saved.

?/12 1901

Barque GLENBERVIE, (Nationality unknown) Grounded and later wrecked near Lowland Point. The crew was saved by a rescueboat from Coverack.  Build 1866 as one of the first tea-clippers.

2/12 1901

British destroyer HMS SALMON is sunk by the British freighter CAMBRIDGE at Harwich, but was subsequently raised and repaired.

18/12 1901

The barque FLORA stranded on Fjæreskjær near Færder i Vestfold county, Norway. FLORA was on a journey from Bristol to Kristiania ( Oslo ). The wreck were found in 1989 by scuba divers.

24/12 1901 Swedish steamer POLSTÄRNAN sunk off Sandhamn. Her crew killed. Master: Widmark.


4/1 1902 The British steamship Alfonso, Capt. John Burnett, with a crew of 19 all told, was carrying a cargo of ore from Cartagena to Maryport when she collided with the Spanish collier Hullera EspaÑola, 943 tons, Aviles to Barcelona. The disaster took place in thick fog on the night of January 4th, 1902, the Spanish steamship sinking the British ship with every man on board save Capt. Burnett. The plight of the Spaniard was very serious and shortly afterwards she also sank with the loss of one man from her crew of 25. The survivors, includ­ing Capt. Burnett, were picked up by the Portuguese brigantine Rodolphe and brought to Oporto. The ships were about 25 miles distant from the small Portuguese town of Aveiro when the collision occurred. ( ALFONSO; Strong, Reid & Page; 1878; Oswald, Mordaunt & Co.; 1,325 tons; 246,5 x 31,9 x 17,4; 163n.h.p.; 9 knots; compound engines.)
9/1 1902

Swedish steamer FANNY, Goteborg. Grounded and sank near Botto lighthouse in the entrance to Goteborg when on a voyage from Halmstad to Goteborg. The crew 11 men and 2 women was all saved and picked up by the Swedish steamer UNO, wich landed the crew in Goteborg.

2/4 1902 Swedish barque ALBERT EHRENSWÄRD, build 1874 by F.O.Bergstrom, Goteborg.  620 / 550 / 850. (Off.no: 657) Owner: J.Ahnström, Marstrand, Sweden. Stranded at Terschelling on a voyage Marstrand - Beira with a cargo of wood. She was later refloated  and towed to Nieuwediepwhere she was condemn.
6/5 1902 SS Camorta (Great Britain) - The Camorta was caught in a cyclone and sank in the Irrawaddy Delta with the loss of all 655 passengers and 82 crew. She was en route from Madras, India, to Rangoon, Burma, across the Bay of Bengal.
22/6 1902

Chinese unprotected cruiser KAI CHE accidentally blew up at Nanking and was a total loss.

24/6 1902 German Torpedo Boat S.42 was accidentally sunk by the British steamer Firsby in Elbe estuary. Raised, repaired, renamed T.42.
17/8 1902

Chinese unprotected cruiser HUAN T’AI was lost in a collision with the Canadian Pacific liner EMPRESS OF INDIA off Hong Kong.

16/10 1902

SS Heraclides. This Houston Line steamer (2,788 gross tonnage, 320 ft x 40ft) was outward bound from Liverpool to Glasgow in ballast when she ran into a squall. However, she had insufficient ballast and a steering problem. This combination of factors caused her to run aground at Formby. The crew were rescued by the lifeboats from Formby and New Brighton.

22/10 1902

Swedish steamer BLEKINGE destroyed by fire during a voyage Borgholm - Oskarshamn. All crew saved

?/12 1902 Danish steamer EKLIPTIKA stranded at Pater Noster, Sweden.
7/12 1902

Venezuelan gunboat RESTAURADOR seized by the German Navy and temporarily commissioned by them. She was returned to Venezuela on 24/2 1903, being renamed GENERAL SALOM in about 1920.

13/1 1903

Agnes. Cutter. Foundered near the Wellesley Group, WA.

1/2 1903

Van Stravel. French vessel, 2349 tons. Built Nantes, 1901. Lbd 276.7 x 40.3 x 22.5 ft. Captain Quemper. From Glasgow to Hobart via San Francisco, wrecked in a gale on Monarch Island in the Hebrides, 1 February 1903. Twenty-seven lives were lost.

31/3 1903

Milton Park. Iron ship, 1520 tons. Built at Dunbarton, 1882. Lbd 225.7 x 38.3 x 20.6 ft. Owned by G. Gordon and Co. Left Liverpool for Fremantle on 31 March 1903;  last spoken on 23 April, but not seen again. After H.M.S. Terpsichore searched unsuccessfully for her she was given up as lost in September . Officially posted missing on 21 October.

25/4 1903

Goteborgs Mek. Verkstad, Goteborg Launch passenger steamer BYFJORDEN ordered by Bohuslänska Kusten, Uddevalla.

?/6 1903

Steam tanker SAMED AGA delivered from Lindholmens Varv AB, Goteborg to Kerosintransporter at the Caspian Sea.

12/7 1903

German steamer IMPERATOR collided off Trelleborg, Sweden with the steamer ROBERT KÖPPEN, Stettin. IMPERATOR wich was on a voyage from Sazznitz with mail and passenger, managed to enter the port of Trelleborg. One passenger on IMPERATOR was injured.

?/9 1903

Norwegian barque SAGA, Porsgrunn stranded at Skelderviken off Engelholm, Sweden. Master with wife and eight crew was saved.

?/9 1903 Danish steamer EKLIPTIKA refloated by Moss Vaerft, Bjernings- & Dykker Co. and towed to Kvarnholmen, Marstrand. After necessesarily repairs and discharge of her cargo she was taken to Moss, Norway for repair.
9/9 1903

Swedish iron barque HEDVIG, Helsingborg, stranded and sank at Sodra Herta, a island off Bua, N off Varberg, during the night 9 - 10 sept. Only one man of the crew was saved. Just before her stranding, HEDVIG collided with a unknown ship, probably the Swedish barque MATHILDA, Molle.

?/10 1903

German steamer RUSSLAND (1.002 grt / 1872). Stranded at Oland, Sweden, but refloated  21/12 1903 and towed to Oskarshamn where she was sold to Angfartygs AB Fix, Oskarshamn, and repaired

?/11 1903 City of Lisbon. In passage to Liverpool with a cargo of wine, sank in the River Mersey after a collision with the Douglas. Over the months to April 1904 up to 120 casks which had salved by a number of individuals were collected by Harrisons and later sold. (There are some indications that the loss may have been Jan 1904, ie, there seem to be no records before Jan of the collection of casks) Clarification welcomed.
14/11 1903

Norwegian fullrigged ship KING CENRIC (1.519 grt / 1874) Scuttled at Mossel Bay, when on a voyage Fredrikstad - Mossel Bay in ballast.

1/12 1903 Swedish cruiser MANLIGHETEN launched at Kockums, Malmö.
?/1 1904

The British steamship Afghanistan went aground 40 miles N. of Suakim in January, 1904, and was totally wrecked. She was on a voyage from the Clyde to Karachi. (Strick Line Ltd.; 1897; W. Gray & Co. Ltd.; 2,753 tons; 306-3 x 43.2 x 18.3; 240 n.h.p. ; triple-expansion engines.)

19/1 1904

Norwegian AVENGER went ashore on Chandeleur Island, enroute Barbados to Gulfport, Mississippi.  At the time she was owned by H. Hansen of Lillesand, Norway.  While ashore she was sold to owners in Mobile, Alabama who began efforts to refloat her.  They were hoping to get her off by July, but she was not afloat again until October, apparently with the help of a storm.  They had her under tow, but the hawser parted and she went ashore again.  They eventually gave up this attempt.  She remained there for the next eleven years.  With the demand for virtually any type of vessel brought on by World War I, salvage efforts were renewed and she was refloated and put back into service as the JOHN H. KIRBY, registered in the Port of New Orleans.

7/2 1904

Russo-Japanese War began provoked by Russian penetration into Manchuria and Korea.
[Read about Russian-Japanese war here: http://www.russojapanesewar.com/intro.html ]

Russian battleship RETVISAN torpedoed and sunk in Port Arthur. She was later raised and repaired by the Japanese and served as the HIZEN until July 1924 when she was scrapped. [Photo here: http://www.russojapanesewar.com/gallery/Retvizan_JPG.html ]

Russian protected cruiser PALLADA was torpedoed but not badly damaged on the Japanese attack of Port Arthur.
[Photo here: http://www.russojapanesewar.com/gallery/Pallada_JPG.html]

Russian battleship TSESSAREVITCH torpedoed but not sunk in Port Arthur. [Photo here: http://www.russojapanesewar.com/gallery/Tsarevich_JPG.html ]

Russian protected cruiser VARIAG was badly damaged by the Japanese ASAMA at Chemulpo and was scuttled after the action. She was later raised and served in the Japanese Navy as SOYA. She was sold back to Russia in 1916.

Russian gun vessel KORIETZ scuttled after the action Chemulpo in which she took virtually no part.

11/2 1904

Russian minelayer YENISEI (I) was sunk by one of her own mines off Port Arthur.

12/2 1904

Russian protected cruiser BOYARIN struck a Russian mine off Dairen near Port Arthur and was abandoned by her crew. Towing appeared possible, but the Boyarin broke loose during the night and drifted on to another mine and sank.

25/2 1904

Russian destroyer VNUSHITELNI was sunk by the Japanese Fleet.

9/3 1904

The Japanese destroyer Akatsuki was one of a flotilla of four ships which fought a spirited action with a like number of Russian destroyers on the night of March 9th, 1904. The opposing vessels at one time came to within 50 yards of each other, but no ships were lost, the Russians eventually making for Port Arthur after Captain Matusevich, the commander of their flotilla, was killed. The Akatsuki was constantly on patrol off the fortress, and on the night of May 17th she struck a mine and sank immediately. Her complement numbered 58, and all the officers and 16 of the men were drowned. (Japanese Navy, destroyer; 1901; Yarrow; 363 tons; 220,3 x 20,6 x 9 ; 6,000 i.h.p.; 31-3 knots; triple-expansion engines; two 12 par. guns, four 6 pdr., 2 T. T.)

10/3 1904

Russian destroyer STEREGUSHCHI sunk.

18/3 1904

The English submarine A-1 sinks after being struck by the liner Berwick Castle. All 14 crewmen are killed. The first British designed and built submarine to join the Royal Navy (completed 23rd July 1903 and joining shortly afterwards). 200 tons. Lost with all hands on March 18th after being accidentally rammed off the Nab light vessel at the eastern entrance to Spithead, by the 5883 ton Union and Castle ship Berwick Castle. The Captain thought he had struck a practice torpedo and did not stop. She was raised during August and put back into service for training and experimental work.

20/3 1904

Swedish steamer SIRIUS, (1.382 brt.), owned by Ångfartygs AB Sirius, Göteborg. On voyage Windau—Uddevalla, grounded and sank at Pater Noster, Swedish west coast. She was later refloated and repaired and in service again in April same year.

13/4 1904

Russian battleship PETROPAVLOVSK was blown up by the explosion of her magazines after striking a mine in Port Arthur.

Russian battleship POBIEDA struck a mine which exploded under a main coal bunker, and was repaired by mid June. She was not so badly damaged at the Yellow Sea as PERESVIET but sank at Port Arthur 7/12 1904 from the effects of 21 11 in. shells. Raised and repaired by the Japanese, she served as the SUWO until scrapped in 1922.

Russian destroyer STRASHNI sunk at Port Arthur.

1/5 1904

Cambrian Warrior. Steel barque, 1432 tons. Built at Sunderland, 1885. Lbd 230.6 x 37 x 21.8 ft. Owned by the Cambrian Line. Left Liverpool for Fremantle; wrecked on the north east coast of Brazil.

14/5 1904

Russian minelayer AMUR laid a field of 50 mines off Port Arthur, which sank the Japanese battleship HATSUSE and YASHIMA.

Japanese unprotected cruiser MIYAKO sunk when she struck a mine at Daikwako near Dalny Bay, Port Arthur. She was subsequently raised and scrapped.

15/5 1904

Japanese battleship HATSUSE  sunk by Russian mines near Port Arthur (near 500 dead) (mines were laid by Russian minelayer Amur).

Russian protected cruiser BOGATYR was very badly damaged by running aground near Vladivostok. Later salved and repaired.

Japanese battleship YASHIMA struck a mine off Port Arthur and was taken in tow, but capsized later in the day.

Japanese protected cruiser YOSHINO was rammed and sunk by the Japanese armoured cruiser KASUGA after taking part in the bombardment of Port Arthur.

17/5 1904

Japanese gunboat OSHIMA sank after collision at Riotowan.

Japanese destroyer mined and sunk off Port Arthur.

?/6 1904

The British steamer Aldborough was wrecked on Acklin Island near Cuba while on a voyage from Daiquiri to Baltimore with a cargo of iron ore. (Woodfield S.S. Co.; 1888; Russell & Co.; 2,314 tons; 289,8 x 38,1x 19,4; 220n.h.p.; triple-expansion engines.)

15/6 1904

American Side-wheeler General Slocum burns in NY's East River (1,031 die).

20/6 1904

The Australian barque Acacia with a general cargo left Port Esperance for Adelaide. Soon after leaving port she encountered a succession of violent gales. Nothing was heard of her for nine months when the wreck was found near Mainwaring, Tasmania, together with the bodies of several of the crew. (R. R. Rex; 1871; Ross & Co.; 225 tons; 118 x 24 x 12.)

23/6 1904

Russian battleship SEVASTOPOL was mined but not seriously damaged.

28/6 1904

SS Norge (Denmark) - The Norge ran aground close to Rockall on St. Helen's Reef. The final death toll was 635 with 160 survivors who spent up to eight days in open lifeboats before rescue.

29/6 1904

The submarine Delfin sank on the Neva River while on a practice dive. 21 men killed, 11 survivors. Date is also listed as 20 June, with casualty totals from 23-26, depending on the source.

30/6 1904

Russian torpedoboat USSURI was blown up by her crew after running ashore off Gensan.

1/7 1904

The first Swedish submarine HAJEN, launched at Flottans Varv, Stockholm.

5/7 1904

Japanese corvette KAIMON was lost at Talien Wan Bay when she struck a mine.

17/7 1904

Russian torpedoboat No. 208 sunk by a mine.

24/7 1904

Russian destroyer BOEVOI was torpedoed by a Japanese picket boat but managed to make Port Arthur where she was scuttled 2/1 1915.

Russian destroyer LEITENANT BURAKOV torpedoed and sunk by the picket boats of the MIKASA and FUJI in Ta Ho Bay to the east of Port Arthur.

27/7 1904

Russian armoured cruiser BAYAN (I) mined but not sunk in the Russo-Japanese war.

Japanese armoured cruiser CHIYODA struck a Russian mine off Takhe Bay, but was towed to Dalny where repairs were carried out in time to enable her to take part in the Battle of Tsushima.

?/8 1904

Sailing in August, 1904, from Japan to Fusan with a cargo of railway sleepers, the Anerley went aground 25 miles from Fusan and was totally wrecked. (Britain S.S. Co.; 1881; Blumer & Co.; 1,887 tons; 270 x 37,2 x 24,2; 250 n.h.p. ; compound inverted engines.)

2/8 1904

Russian gun vessel SIVUCH blown up by her crew in the Liao River.

10/8 1904

Japanese Battleship MIKASA heavily damaged in Battle Of Yellow Sea (hit 22 times, 32 dead, over 80 wounded, almost all guns damaged). Overhauled at Sasebo.

Russian battleship POLTAVA was heavely damaged in the battle of Yellow Sea but managed to go to Port Arthur where shi sunk. Later refloated and repaired by the Japanese, renamed TANGO and served in the Japanes Navy until 1916, when she was sold to Russia and renamed TCHESMA, and stationed in the White Sea.

Russian battleship TSESSAREVITCH damaged in the battle of Yellow Sea and was after interned at Kiao-Chau.

Russian destroyers BEZSTRASHNI, BEZPOSHTCHADNI and BEZSHUMNI interned at Kiao Chau. (In the First World War they were employed at Vladivostock and in the White Sea).

Russian destroyer GROZOVOI interned in Shanghai.

12/8 1904

Russian destroyer RYESHITELNI captured by the Japanese at Chefoo and later became the Japanese YAMABIKO until her scrapping 1918.

13/8 1904

British destroyer HMS SNAPPER was rammed and sunk by British destroyer HMS ARUN in deep water off the Scillies while on night manoeuvres.

13/8 1904

Inverkip. Steel barque, 1466 tons. Built by Russell & Co. at Port Glasgow, 1893. Lbd 235.8 x 36 x 21.7 ft. Owned by the Inverkip Ship Company Limited. Captaain Jones. Bound from Melbourne to Queenstown, Ireland, with wheat, sank after collision with the Loch Carron off Fastnet, southern Ireland, 13 August 1904. The Inverkip sank almost immediately stem first. Only two survived of the 22 crew: one seaman in the rigging was thrown on to the Loch Carron’s deck, and the other scrambled to safety up her bowsprit.

14/8 1904

Russian armoured cruiser RURIK was sunk at Ulsan by 8 in. and 6 in. shells from the Japanese cruiser.

Russian armoured cruiser ROSSIA was considerably damaged by the Japanese armoured cruisers at Ulsan but could still steam away.

Russian armoured cruiser GROMOBOI was considerably damaged by the Japanese armoured cruisers at Ulsan but could still steam away.

18/8 1904

Russian armoured gun vessel GREMYASHCHI was sunk by a mine near Port Arthur.

21/8 1904

Russian torpedoboat YANTCHIKHE wrecked.

23/8 1904 Russian battleship SEVASTOPOL was mined but not seriously damaged.
24/8 1904

Russian destroyer VUINOSLIVI mined and sunk.

3/9 1904

Japanese destroyer HAYATORI mined and sunk off Port Arthur.

18/9 1904

Japanese coastal defence ironclad HEI YEN mined and sunk off Pigeon Bay, Port Arthur.

26/9 1904

British desrtoyer HMS CHAMOIS had an extra ordinary accident while running a F.P. trial off Cape Papas, Gulf of Patras, a propeller blade broke off and flew up, piercing the hull so badly that the vessel sank. No lives were lost, but two stkers were severely scalded.

3/10 1904

Sir John Lawrence was on her way to her new home i Norway when the accident happened. The barque stranded on Strutsrevet outside of  Østfold county, during a journey from London to Fredrikstad. The crew of thirteen men went down with the ship in the cold deep water. In 1907 there were launched rescue operations to rescue inventory and such on the wreck that laid in shallow water then, and the wreck was thereafter left in peace for 89 years. The vessel sank to a depth of forty meters.

22/10 1904

British trawler Crane. At this time Russia was at war with Japan. Elements of the Russian fleet opened fire on fishing boats out from Hull on the Dogger Bank, thinking they were Japanese motor torpedo boats. This incompetent and disgraceful act caused the death of the skipper of this trawler, George Smith, which also was sunk.

26/10 1904

Japanese battleship ASASHI took part in Russian-Japanese War 1904-1905 (blockade of Port Arthur, Battle Of Yellow Sea, Battle Of Tsushima) damaged by float mine.

Swedish steamer ALDEBARAN shelled by a Russian cruiser in Skagerack, but not damaged.

?/11 1904

Trafalgar. Iron barque, 1768 tons. Built at Glasgow, 1877. Lbd 271.5 x 39.3 x 23.4 ft. Wrecked on the coast of Brazil while bound from Sydney to Falmouth with wheat, November 1904. In 1893 the Trafalgar was the scene of an heroic feat by William Shotton, 18, who navigated the ship from Batavia to Melbourne with the assistance of Hugh Kennedy the sailmaker, after all the officers including the captain, and most of the crew, had died of Java Fever.

6/11 1904

Japanese gunboat ATAGO stranded at Petchili Sound and was lost.

13/11 1904

Russian destroyer STROINI sunk in Port Arthur.

16/11 1904

Russian destroyer RASTOROPNI scuttled at Port Arthur.

22/11 1904

Swedish steamer BUR sank near Arkö, Sweden, probably beacuse her boiler exploded. On board was 17 persons which all die.

30/11 1904

Japanese protected cruiser SAI YEN (ex: Chinese CHI YUAN captured at Wei Hai Wei 12/2 1895) was mined and sunk in Pigeon Bay during the Russo-Japanese war.

7/12 1904

Russian battleship PERESVIET was seriously damaged by gunfire at the Yellow Sea battle, and in the siege of Port Arthur was scuttled on 7/12 1904 after a total of at least 23 11 in. howitzer shells had hit her. She was raised and repaired by the Japanese and served as the SAGAMI. Sold back to Russia in 1916, she ran aground off Vladivostok and remained so until July. She was finally sunk by a mine laid by U-73 about 10 miles from Port Said 4/1 1917.

Russian battleship RETVISAN was seriously damaged by gunfire at the Yellow Sea battle, and in the siege of Port Arthur was scuttled on 7/12 1904. She was raised and repaired by the Japanese and served as the HIZEN.

Russian battleship POBIEDA was seriously damaged by gunfire at the Yellow Sea battle, and in the siege of Port Arthur was scuttled on 7/12 1904. She was raised and repaired by the Japanese and served as the SUWO.

Russian battleship POLTAVA was seriously damaged by gunfire at the Yellow Sea battle, and in the siege of Port Arthur was scuttled on 7/12 1904. She was raised and repaired by the Japanese and served as the TANGO.

8/12 1904

Russian armoured cruiser BAYAN (I) was sunk in Port Arthur by 11 in. howitzers. She was later raised by the Japanese and was served in the Japanese Navy as ASO until 8/8 1932 when she was sunk as a target.

Russian protected cruiser PALLAVA was sunk by a 11 in. howitzer in Port Arthur. She was raised and repaired by the Japanese and served in the Japanese Navy as TSUGARU until she was scrapped 1923.

9/12 1904

The Russian minelayer, Amur, was attached to the Pacific Squadron at Port Arthur, at the beginning of the Russo-Japanese War. As the war proceeded the investment of Port Arthur, both by sea and land, greatly restricted the work of the Amur, as she came constantly under fire from Japanese land batteries as well as from ships. On December 9th she was so badly damaged that she had to go into dock, where she was still under shell-fire. In all she was hit more than 30 times, being blown to pieces and sinking within the dock on December 18th, 1904. The full story of the Pacific Squadron at Port Arthur is told under the Peresvyet, flagship of the rear-admiral, which was among those lost. (Russian Navy, minelayer; 1898; Baltic Works; 3,017 tons; 300 x – x -, 4,890i.h.p.; 17,4 knots; triple-expansion engines: five 12 pdr. guns, seven 3 pdr., 1 T. T.; 500 mines.)

12/12 1904

Japanese protected cruiser TAKASAGO was mined in the Yellow Sea and sank the following day with the loss of 204 lives.

15/12 1904

Russian torpedo gunboat VSADNIK was sunk at Port Arthur. She was later raised by the Japanese, repaired and renamed MAKIKUMO. Scrapped 1914.

18/12 1904

Russian minelayer AMUR (I) was sunk by the Japanese 11 in. howitzer in Port Arthur.

22/12 1904

Near Oak Island and Fire Island, New York the American schooner Frank W. McCullough ran aground on Fire Island Bar, 2 miles from the former station and 4 from the latter, at about 9 am. The Oak Island crew reached the vessel at 10:30 am and the Fire Island crew a half-hour later. They found her pounding heavily and leaking badly. They manned the pumps and assisted the crew in throwing overboard the cargo of lumber; but on the flood tide the sea began to break over the wreck and the were obliged to give up for fear of being washed overboard. The Fire Island surfboat filled in the seaway and foundered. At midnight the sea moderated and all hands, 14 surfmen and 5 of schooner crew, abandoned the wreck in the Oak Island surfboat and at 2 a.m. reached the shore. The vessel was lost.

26/12 1904

Russian gun vessel BOBR was sunk in the siege of Port Arthur.

2/1 1905

Russian battleship SEVASTOPOL scuttled off Port Arthur.

Russian armoured gun vessel OTVANJI scuttled in Port Arthur.

Russian torpedo gunboat GAIDAMAK scuttled in the siege of Port Arthur, later raised by the Japanese and became SHIKINAMI.

Russian destroyer SILNI scuttled in Port Arthur, later raised by the Japanese Navy and served as FUMIZUKI until she was scrapped 1913.

Russian destroyer RAZYASHCHI scuttled at Port Arthur.

Russian destroyer STOROZHEVOI scuttled at port Arthur.

Russian destroyer BDITELNI scuttled at Port Arthur.
3/1 1905

Swedish Ore steamer START. Owner: Oxelösunds Rederi AB. Departured Oxelösund destinated to Rotterdam. Three days later she passed the Kaiser Wilhelm Channel and is after that date not heard of. (1656 grt., build 1882).

21/1 1905

Swedish steamer HALLAND. Owner: Broströms Rederi AB, Goteborg. Depatured this day with a cargo of ore from Narvik, for Middlesbrough, but was after this date not heard of. HALLAND was bought from Angf AB Tirfing 1902 and was build 1891 for Blue Funnel Line. 2418 grt.

?/2 1905

City of Lincoln. Steamship, 3182 tons. Built 1866. Wrecked Cape Town, South Africa, February 1905.

5/2 1905

Anjou. Steel barque, 2069 tons. Built at Nantes, France, 1899. Lbd 263.5 x 39 x 22.5 ft. Captain A. Le Telloc. On 22 January 1905, left Sydney for Falmouth with; wrecked near Cape Bustow in the Auckland Islands, 5 February 1905. The crew of twenty-two remained on board until morning when they lowered the undamaged boats and eventually landed at Carnley Harbour in the Auckland Islands after a hard row. Rescued by steamer Hinemoa on her regular call, 7 May.

16/2 1905

The English submarine A-5 suffers a pair of explosions. Seven crewmen are killed, 12 injured.

5/4 1905

Ashmount. Steel steamer, 3109 tons. Built in 1904. Lbd 319.6 x 46.5 x 23 ft. Owned by Ashmount Steamship Co’, then Messes Hope & Sloane when lost. Captain McDowall. Out of Adelaide for Liverpool, wrecked  between Fish Point lighthouse and Stalwart Point.

7/4 1905

The steamship Beaconsfield disappeared in the deep at Bjogna, Norway during a journey from Kristiania to Trondheim with a cargo of coal. Beaconsfield stranded on Bjogna under heavy wind and snowy weather. The vessel slides later of the bank and sank at Sjurstarene on thirty meters depth, with the mast above the waterline. On board the vessel are captain J. Jensen and a crew of fourteen men and a pilot together with a toll guard, but nobody got injured under the accident. The wreck was in the days after the stranding checked up by the salvage vessel Stærkodder, and a diver was down at the wreck to check out the condition, but the damages were to big on the vessel to launch an salvage operation.

1/5 1905

British destroyer HMS SYREN was wrecked on the rocks at Berehaven during night manoeuvres, later salved and fitted with a new bow.

23/5 1905

Russian armoured cruiser GROMOBOI was mined off Vladivostok but was repaired and served in the Baltic during WW I.

26/5 1905

Russian destroyer VNIMATELNI wrecked.

27/5 1905

Japanese battleship MIKASA heavily damaged in Battle of Tsushima (hit 32 times 113 dead and wounded)

Japanese battleship ASASHI lightly damaged in Battle of Tsushima (8 dead, 23 wounded).

Japanese battleship SHIKISHIMA damaged in Battle of Tsushima (13 dead, 22 wounded) (redesignated to coastal defense ship 1921, disarmed and became a training ship 1922, used as a transport after 1923, scrapped in 1947).

Russian battleship OSLIABIA sunk by gunfire in the battle of Tsushima.

Russian battleship BORODINO blew up from a magazine explosion caused by shell hits in the battle of Tsushima.

Russian battleship IMPERATOR ALEXANDER III was sunk probably as a result of flooding from a very large shell hole near the wl forward in the battle of Tsushima.

Russian battleship KNIAZ SUVAROV badly battered by shells, sank from hits by one 18 in. and two to four 14 in. torpedoes in the battle of Tsushima.

Russian battleship OREL escaped the battle of Tsushima with large shell holes near the wl but, considerably damaged elsewhere, surrendred to the Japanese the next day. She was partially reconstructed and served in the Japanese Navy as IWAMI until she was scrapped 1922.

28/5 1905

After a two-day running day and night time battle, the Japanese Navy forced the Russian fleet to surrender north of Tsushima.

Russian battleship SISSOI VELIKI Considerably damaged by gunfire and was hit by a torpedo right aft, but would have remained afloat if flooding valves had not been opened on her surrender to the Japanese.

Russian coast defence battleship ADMIRAL USHAKOV was sunk in the battle of Tsushima.

Russian coast defence battleship ADMIRAL SENIAVIN and GENERAL ADMIRAL GRAF APRAKSIN surrendered to the Japanese Navy. They was later renamed MISHIMA and OKINOSHIMA in the Japanese Navy.

Russian armoured cruiser VLADIMIR MONOMAKH torpedoed during the night at Tsushima and surrendered the next day but could not be kept afloat.

Russian armoured cruiser ADMIRAL NAKHIMOV escaped serious shell damage at Tsushima but was torpedoed during the night and the crew opened the sea-valves on surrendering to the Japanese.

Russian protected cruiser SVIETLANA sunk the day after the battle of Tsushima by the Japanese OTOWA and NIITAKA.

Russian destroyer BUINI scuttled in the battle of Tsushima.

Russian destroyer GROMKI sunk in the battle of Tsushima.

Russian battleship NAVARIN sunk in the Battle of Tsushima.

Russian battleship IMPERATOR NIKOLAI I seized by the Japanese in the Battle of Tsushima and renamed CHINYEN.

29/5 1905

Russian armoured cruiser DMITRI DONSKOI survived Tsushima and a destroyer attack on the night of the 28 but was scuttled the next morning.

Russian protected cruiser IZUMRUD was wrecked NE of Vladivostok after Tsushima.

3/6 1905

The iron four-masted barque, Afghanistan, with a crew of 32 all told under Capt. J. Craigie, was bound from Hamburg to San Diego. On the night of June 3rd, 1905, the ship encountered dense fog when off Dungeness and dropped anchor and sounded her fog-bell. At about the same time the Channel Fleet, steaming at 12 knots in two columns six cables apart, ran into the fog. Before speed could be reduced with safety the battleship Caesar, flagship of the second-in­command, collided with the Afghanistan as she lay at anchor and sank her immediately. There was just time for the battleship to reverse her engines and to alter course, so that she struck the sailing ship a glancing blow. She also signalled to the fleet on her siren and searchlights were turned on and boats lowered. The loss of life amounted to 18, including Capt. Craigie. The survivors were picked up by the Caesar and DIdo and numbered 14 persons, including the first officer. The position of the ships when the collision occurred was 121 miles S. by E. of Dungeness. The crew of the Afghanistan was chiefly composed of Dutch and Scandinavian seamen. (British & Eastern Shipping Co.; 1888; Richardson, Duck & Co.; 2,286 tons; 291 - 2 x 42 - 1 x 24 - 3.) At the same time the battleship Hannibal fouled the German schooner Emma Louise, and the battleships Triumph and Swiftsure came into collision, the latter sustaining slight damage. This was the worst series of accidents to a British squadron for many years.

6/6 1905 AB Lindholmens varv, Goteborg launch Coast defence ship OSCAR II for the Royal Swedish Navy.
8/6 1905 The English submarine A-8 floods and sinks during an exercise, killing 15.  Four crewmembers escape the A-8 as she sinks and are rescued.
28/6 1905

Russian sailors mutiny aboard the battleship Potemkin.

7/8 1905

Barque NOISEL, (Nationality unknown). Stranded at Praa Sands, Mount's Bay. NOISEL was on a voyage from Cherbourg to Italy with a cargo of iron plates, when she meet a severe storm off Ushant and changed her course to Plymouth, but she developed a heavy list and drifted aground in  Mount's Bay.  Two men killed, the rest of the crew was saved.

13/8 1905

Japanese seized Canadian ship Antiope out of Victoria as a carrier of contraband; during Russo-Japanese War.

28/5 1905

Russian destroyer BLESTYASHTCHI scuttled.

Russian destroyer BUISTRI driven ashore.

Russian destroyer BEZUPRECHNI sunk.

?/9 1905

The British steamship ABOUKIR was sunk in a collision in September, 1905, 25 miles off Polonio, River Plate, while on a voyage from Calcutta to Buenos Aires. (Clydesdale Shipowners' Co.; 1896; Short Bros.; 3,317 tons; 364.5 x 43. 1 x 26.3; 416 n.h.p. ; triple-expansion engines.)

12/9 1905

Japanese battleship MIKASA sunk at Sasebo after ammunition explosion of aft turret. Raised Aug.14 1906.

30/9 1905

French armoured cruiser SULLY wrecked in Along Bay in Indo-China.

22/1 1906 US steamer Valencia sinks off Vancouver Island; 126 drown.
5/2 1906 Ferdinand Fischer. Iron ship, 1782 tons. Built 1886. Lbd 258.5 x 40 x 23.7 ft. Left Geelong for Falmouth on 5 February 1906, but was not seen again. Possibly lost in a collision with an iceberg in the  immense fields of ice encountered during the winter months near Cape Horn.
22/2 1906 Dutch steamer MAUD CASSEL, (Master de Jonge), On a voyage in barlast Rotterdam – Oxelosund, grounded on Arkobaden reef at Hapinge about 2 miles off Oxelosund, Sweden. Bergningsbolaget Neptuns salvagesteamers BELOS and ARGO made several attempt to refloat the ship. She later broke in two and lost. (built 1897 by Wm Doxford & Sons, Sunderland, #247; owned by Wm. Müller & Co.)
27/2 1906 Columbia. Norwegian barque, (wood, 1381 tons. Built 1871. Lbd 205.9 x 40 x 24 ft) as the  John Paterson, then Windsbraunt then Columbia; registered at Tredestrund, Norway. Left Wallaroo, South Australia, for Falmouth on 27 February 1906, but was not seen again.
?/3 1906

The British steamship Agincourt was wrecked near Pelew Island in March, 1906, while on a voyage from Newcastle, N.S.W., to Hong Kong with a cargo of coal. (Agincourt S.S. Co.; 1904; Northumberland S.B. Co.; 4,232 tons; 360,0 x 48,0 x 20, 2; 372 n.h.p.; triple-expansion engines.)

?/4 1906 The British steamship Anglo Peruvian foundered after striking an iceberg in April, 1906, in the N. Atlantic while sailing from the Tyne to Philadelphia in ballast. (Nitrate Producers' S.S. Co.; 1905; Short Bros.; 5,494 tons; 418,2 x 54,4 x 29,3; 544 n.h.p.; quadruple-expansion engines.)
19/4 1906 Belgium’s first training ship, the De Smet de Nayer, sank off the Bay of Biscay. There were survivors but Captain Fourcault and some of the crew and some of the 30-odd sea-scouts were lost. The ship was only 8 days into its maiden voyage, out of Antwerp. Enquiry revealed that as the ship took on water in high seas the pumps had failed.
21/4 1906 During the night, grounded, Finnish passenger steamer OIHONNA with full cargo and 100 passenger, off Helsinki, Finland when on a voyage to Stockholm. She was refloated 23/4 with a heavy leak but managed for own power sail to Stockholm for repair. (Length: 64 m, Beam: 9,55 m, Grt: 1,072 t, Built: 1898 Gourlay Bros. & Co., Dundee, Scotland, Operator: Finland Steamship Co Ltd.)
3/5 1906 Pitcairn Island. (Steel barque, 1359 tons. Built at Greenock, 1888. Lbd 231.3 x 36.1 x 21.7 ft). Left Wellington for London on 19 March 1906; on fire about 2000 kilometres west of Cape Horn, 3 May 1906. Nine lost when one of two boats was never seen again. On 16 May the survivors reached Maullin on the coast of South America, where several had fingers and toes amputated owing to severe frostbite. A few days later the steward died from his privations. The others eventually reached Valparaiso and were taken to England on SS Oriana.
13/5 1906 Norwegian passenger steamer REYKJAVIK (178 grt / 1875). Stranded and sunk at Skogarnes in Faxefjord, Iceland when on a voyage Reykjavik – Skogarne.
30/5 1906 British battleship MONTAGU wrecked on Lundy Island.
?/6 1906 British steamship Gothic. (7755 tons. Built 1893. White Star Line). Damaged by fire and beached, June 1906. Repaired and finally scrapped, 1927.
28/6 1906 CP ocean liner Empress of Ireland departs on maiden voyage to Quebec; will sink on 96th voyage, May 29 1914.
?/7 1906 While on a voyage from Vera Cruz to Montreal the steamship Angola was wrecked in July, 1906, near Louisburg, C.B. (Elder Dempster Shipping; 1891; R. Dixon & Co.; 2,831 tons; 312 x 39,2 x 24,6; 257 n.h.p. ; triple-expansion engines.)
31/7 1906 SOCOA, (full rigged ship ?). Stranded Near Cadgwith (Lizard). She was on a voyage Stettin - San Francisco with a cargo of cement. After she had discharge 50.000 barrels She was refloted. Later renamed  THIERS and was broken up 1927.
4/8 1906 Italian passenger steamer SIRIO, grounded and wrecked off Cartagena. She was on a voyage Genova - Montevideo / Buenos Aires with 695 passenger and 127 crew. 442 lost. (Navigazione Generale Italiana)
25/8 1906 Helsinborgs Varfs AB, Helsingborg, Sweden launch bn: 28 FEMMAN for own account
31/8 1906 Steam yacht ORIENTAL arrived Helsingborg, Sweden from Glasgow, where she have been purchased by Konsul N. Pehrson. (136 reg.ton, 180 feet).
18/9 1906 Canadian Pacific's liner Monteagle was driven ashore after a typhoon at Hong Kong. (Built: 1899 at Palmers, Jarrow. Tonnage: 6,955grt. Owners: Canadian Pacific.)
10/10 1906 British steamer St Mungo, bound from Liverpool to Sydney, found to be on fire on and abandoned off the Brazilian coast. All the crew reached Bahia safely. (Steel ship, 1955 tons. Built at Glasgow, 1892. Lbd 272 x 40 x 23.6 ft. Owned by A. Mackay & Co.)
21/10 1906 Swedish steamer OLAUS OLSSON, collided with Admirality Pier, Dover and turn over a"Goliath" crane in the water. The ship had only minor damage on deck. (800 ton, owned by Olaus Olssons Rederi AB, Stockholm; build in Soderhamn of steel 1902 ; steamengine on160 ihp. Swedish official No: 4158.
23/10 1906 British steamer Haversham Grange, who traded to Australia and New Zealand in the frozen meat trade. Caught fire while coming out to Australia and was abandoned by her crew when about 1300 kilometres north west of Cape Town. No loss of life. (7757 tons. Built 1902. Lxbxd  475.5 x 56 x 32.2 ft for Houlder Brothers Ltd.)
17/11 1906 British Australian, ashore and wrecked, at Vashon Head near Port Essington. (Steel ship, 2838 tons. Built Glasgow 1896. Lbd 341.7 x 42.2 x 22.5 ft. Owned by the Eastern & Australian Steam Ship Company; reg.London. Captain St.John George.)
22/11 1906 The ''S-O-S'' distress signal was adopted at the International Radio Telegraphic Convention in Berlin.
29/11 1906 Italian torpedoboat 137-S was wrecked off Favignana.
?/1 1909

The British steamship Anglo African was wrecked in January, 1909, four miles S. of Cape Charles while on a voyage from Tocopilla to Baltimore with a cargo of nitrate. (Nitrate Producers' S.S. Co.; 1900; Short Bros.; 4,186 tons, 370,2 x 48,7 x 19,0; 418 n.h.p. ; triple-expansion engines.)

Sailing from Seattle to Hong Kong in January, 1909, with a cargo of cotton, flour, etc., the Adato went aground at Oshima, Japan, and sank. (Ocean Navigation Co.; 1899; W. Hamilton & Co.; 3,347 tons; 330.7 x 45.7 x 16.2; 299 n.h.p.; triple-expansion engines.)

The British steamship Alnmere was wrecked in January, 1909, at Abaco while sailing from Baltimore to Vera Cruz with a cargo of coal and coke. (Irismere S.S. Co.; 1897; J. Readhead & Sons; 3,252 tons; 322 x 46,6 x 24,3; 283 n.h.p. ; triple-expansion engines.)

1/1 1909 Norwegian full-rigged ship SAMUEL HANSEN grounded on Torbjørnskjær when on tow from Lillesand til Fredrikstad. (build 1875 at Short Bros., Sunderland (# 66); 1395 grt, 1266 nrt, 2000 dwt; 236.8 x 37.5 x 22.5 ft; owner A/S Samuel Hansen (Henr. Hansen), Lillesand).
22/1 1909 The schooner Roderick Dhu was discovered in distress on the bar by a Life-Saving Service patrol from the Point Bonita, California station. The schooner had been in tow by a tug, but parted hawsers when 5 1/2 miles SW of a LSS station. She hoisted a signal, and the keeper reported her condition to the Merchant's Exchange. A tug was sent out and the schooner was towed to sea. The next day she was towed into port, leaking badly, and convoyed by the USRC McCulloch.
26/1 1909 Norwegian steamer MJØLNER grounded at Borhu off Alderney while on a voyage N.Shields – Napoli with a cargo of coal. (build 1902 at Bergens mek. Verksted, Bergen (# 115); 1686 grt, 1068 nrt, 2772 dwt; 267.8 x 38.8 x 17.5 ft; 3Exp. (BMV), 750 ihp; owner Johan C. Giertsens Eftf. m.fl., Bergen).
27/1 1909

Norwegian full-rigged ship HAUGAR sprang a leek in the Atlantic while on a voyage New Brunswick – Buenos Aires with a cargo of wood. 10/4.: Arrived Rio de Janeiro. condemned. (build 1883 at G. S. Turner, St.John NB, Canada; 1458 grt, 1372 nrt; 208.4 x 40.3 x 24.1 ft; owner Sigvart Rasmussen m.fl., Haugesund).

The schooner Nelson Y. McFarland issued a distress call after dropping anchor near the White Head, Maine, Life-Saving Service station. Although anchored against the tide, she was becalmed, yet her stern swung so close to the ledge that "a change of wind or tide would have thrown the vessel upon the rocks. A pulling boat and crew from the station responded to the call and the men rowed to the ship's aid. After a 3-hours' pull the surfmen succeeded in towing the schooner to a safe anchorage in Seal Harbor"

31/1 1909

Norwegian brig SPEED grounded at Høien near Skagen when on a voyage Poole – Fredrikstad in ballast. (build 1875 at Brevik; 260 grt, 243 nrt, 385 dwt; 113.7 x 26.6 x 12.7 ft; owner Gerh. Næss m.fl., Sandefjord).

Norwegian iron barque COQUIMBO grounded at Boynton, Florida, on a voyage Gulfport MS – Buenos Aires with acargo of wood. (build 1876 at Aitken & Marson, Glasgow (# 81); 1006 grt, 934 nrt; 204.8 x 33.5 x 20.6 ft; owner Skips A/S Coquimbo (M. Andersen), Kragerø).
11/2 1909 Norwegian barque CELER grounded on Cape Shoal, Florida, while on a voyage Pernambuco – Carabelle in ballast. Refloated and condemned. (build 1881 at N. Osmundsen, Fjære v/Grimstad; 650 grt, 598 nrt; 154.3 x 32.4 x 18.9 ft; owner Joh. Fr. Juell m.fl., Risør).
16/2 1909 Norwegian steamer FREKE grounded on Cape Maysi, Cuba, when on a voyage Baracoa, Cuba – Port Antonio,Jamaica, with a cargo of fruit. (build 1903 at Chantiers Navals Anversois, Hoboken, Belgia (# 21); 873 grt, 465 nrt; 190.5 x 30.2 x 11.4 ft; 3Exp. (NE Mar. Eng. Co. Ltd., Sunderland, UK), 750 ihp; owner A/S D/S Freke (v.d. Ohe & Lund), Bergen).
26/2 1909 Norwegian full-rigged ship AUCKLAND grounded at Possession Isl., while on e voyage Rosario – Lüderitzbucht, German SW-Africa (=Namibia) with a cargo of hay. All crew, 16 men killed. (build 1874 at Robert Duncan & Co., Pt.Glasgow (# 81); 1308 grt, 1244 nrt, 1740 dwt; 239.8 x 36.0 x 20.7 ft; owner Sven O. Stray & Co., Kristiansand).
10/3 1909 The British barquentine Ladysmith, during a thick fog, stranded 3 miles WSW of the station Fishers Island N.Y.. The keeper was notified by telephone and the lifesavers, in a surfboat, proceeded to the scene. They landed the master, his wife, and 9 seamen.
11/3 1909 Norwegian barque FREMAD grounded on Leman Ower Bank when on a voyage Langesund – London with a cargo of ice.
22/9 1909 Norwegian iron barque SVÆRDSTAD grounded at Cape orlov in Barent Sea on a voyage Arkhangelsk – Port Adelaide, Australia with a cargo of wood. 1 man killed. (build 1885 at Rostocker A/G für Schiff- und Maschinenbau, Rostock (# 83); 1142 grt, 1066 nrt, 1599 dwt; 205.0 x 34.5 x 19.9 ft; owner A. F. Klaveness & Co., Sandefjord).

The Italian passenger ship PRINCIPESSA JOLANDA was being launched , near Spezia, in the Gulf of Genoa, when an inexplicable accident happened. A large section of the cradle clung to the hull and burst into flames causing the vessel to incline at an angle of 60 degrees. The ship described a curve to the eastward and turned on her side and sank. Some of her boilers was later salved after the superstructure had been blown away. Everything else had to be abandoned. (PRINCIPESSA JOLANDA was 485 feet long and had a breadth of 49 feet. Her displacement was 10.500 tons. She was designed to carry180 first-class, 170 second-class and 1.100 third-class passenger.)

22/9 1912 SS Kiche Maru (Japan) - Sank during a typhoon in the Pacific Ocean. It is estimated that more than 1,000 persons lost their lives.